TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of the full shear-induced self-diffusion tensor of noncolloidal suspensions

AU - Breedveld, L.V.A.

AU - van den Ende, Henricus T.M.

AU - Bosscher, M.

AU - Jongschaap, R.J.J.

AU - Mellema, J.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - The full diffusion tensor of shear-induced self-diffusion has been measured experimentally for the first time. In addition to the well-known components in the velocity gradient, Dyy, and vorticity direction, Dzz, the coefficients Dxx and Dxy have been determined for concentrated suspensions of noncolloidal hard spheres as a function of particle volume fraction. Owing to the shear-induced nature of the phenomenon, these four coefficients are the only nonzero elements of the diffusion tensor. The newly determined diffusion quantities have been obtained by extending our correlation based technique [J. Fluid Mech. 375, 297 (1998); Phys. Rev. E 63, 021403 (2001)] with a method to subtract convective displacements due to the shear flow. The diffusion in the velocity direction, Dxx, is almost an order of magnitude larger than the other components and the only nonzero off-diagonal component, Dxy, is negative and small compared to the diagonal components of the diffusion tensor. In principle the applied technique is also feasible for measuring other anisotropic diffusion mechanisms, e.g., Brownian diffusion in steady shear flow.

AB - The full diffusion tensor of shear-induced self-diffusion has been measured experimentally for the first time. In addition to the well-known components in the velocity gradient, Dyy, and vorticity direction, Dzz, the coefficients Dxx and Dxy have been determined for concentrated suspensions of noncolloidal hard spheres as a function of particle volume fraction. Owing to the shear-induced nature of the phenomenon, these four coefficients are the only nonzero elements of the diffusion tensor. The newly determined diffusion quantities have been obtained by extending our correlation based technique [J. Fluid Mech. 375, 297 (1998); Phys. Rev. E 63, 021403 (2001)] with a method to subtract convective displacements due to the shear flow. The diffusion in the velocity direction, Dxx, is almost an order of magnitude larger than the other components and the only nonzero off-diagonal component, Dxy, is negative and small compared to the diagonal components of the diffusion tensor. In principle the applied technique is also feasible for measuring other anisotropic diffusion mechanisms, e.g., Brownian diffusion in steady shear flow.

U2 - 10.1063/1.1478770

DO - 10.1063/1.1478770

M3 - Article

VL - 116

SP - 10529

EP - 10535

JO - Journal of chemical physics

JF - Journal of chemical physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 23

ER -