Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers

Remko Soer*, Marianne W.M.C. Six Dijkstra, Hendrik J. Bieleman, Roy E. Stewart, Michiel F. Reneman, Frits G.J. Oosterveld, Karlein M.G. Schreurs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to study measurement properties of the Dutch Language Version of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS-DLV) in blue and white collar workers employed at multiple companies and to compare the validity and factor structure to other language versions. Methods: Workers (n = 1023) were assessed during a cross-sectional health surveillance. Construct validity was tested with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) and hypothesis testing. Reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha. Results: A two-factor structure of the BRS-DLV had good model fit in both EFA and CFA, which could be explained by difficulties of workers with reversed order items. After excluding these inconsistent answering patterns, a one-factor structure showed good model fit resembling the original BRS (χ 2 = 16.5; CFI & TLI = 0.99; SRMR = 0.02;RMSEA = 0.04). Internal consistency is sufficient (Cronbach's α = 0.78). All five hypotheses were confirmed, suggesting construct validity. Conclusions: Reliability of the BRS-DLV is sufficient and there is evidence of construct validity. Inconsistent answering, however, caused problems in interpretation and factor structure of the BRS-DLV. This can be easily detected and handled because item 2, 4 and 6 are in reversed order. Other language versions differ in factor structure, most likely because systematic errors are not corrected for. To collect valid data, it is advised to be aware of inconsistent answering of respondents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-250
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Language
Statistical Factor Analysis
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires
chemotactic factor inactivator

Keywords

  • Employability
  • Factor structure
  • Health prevention
  • Reliability
  • Resilience
  • Validity

Cite this

Soer, R., Six Dijkstra, M. W. M. C., Bieleman, H. J., Stewart, R. E., Reneman, M. F., Oosterveld, F. G. J., & Schreurs, K. M. G. (2019). Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers. Journal of Occupational Health, 61(3), 242-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/1348-9585.12041
Soer, Remko ; Six Dijkstra, Marianne W.M.C. ; Bieleman, Hendrik J. ; Stewart, Roy E. ; Reneman, Michiel F. ; Oosterveld, Frits G.J. ; Schreurs, Karlein M.G. / Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers. In: Journal of Occupational Health. 2019 ; Vol. 61, No. 3. pp. 242-250.
@article{745d67f088454eaf89b5922d36cf81c7,
title = "Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers",
abstract = "Objectives: The aim of this study was to study measurement properties of the Dutch Language Version of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS-DLV) in blue and white collar workers employed at multiple companies and to compare the validity and factor structure to other language versions. Methods: Workers (n = 1023) were assessed during a cross-sectional health surveillance. Construct validity was tested with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) and hypothesis testing. Reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha. Results: A two-factor structure of the BRS-DLV had good model fit in both EFA and CFA, which could be explained by difficulties of workers with reversed order items. After excluding these inconsistent answering patterns, a one-factor structure showed good model fit resembling the original BRS (χ 2 = 16.5; CFI & TLI = 0.99; SRMR = 0.02;RMSEA = 0.04). Internal consistency is sufficient (Cronbach's α = 0.78). All five hypotheses were confirmed, suggesting construct validity. Conclusions: Reliability of the BRS-DLV is sufficient and there is evidence of construct validity. Inconsistent answering, however, caused problems in interpretation and factor structure of the BRS-DLV. This can be easily detected and handled because item 2, 4 and 6 are in reversed order. Other language versions differ in factor structure, most likely because systematic errors are not corrected for. To collect valid data, it is advised to be aware of inconsistent answering of respondents.",
keywords = "Employability, Factor structure, Health prevention, Reliability, Resilience, Validity",
author = "Remko Soer and {Six Dijkstra}, {Marianne W.M.C.} and Bieleman, {Hendrik J.} and Stewart, {Roy E.} and Reneman, {Michiel F.} and Oosterveld, {Frits G.J.} and Schreurs, {Karlein M.G.}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1002/1348-9585.12041",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "242--250",
journal = "Journal of Occupational Health",
issn = "1341-9145",
publisher = "Japan Society for Occupational Health",
number = "3",

}

Soer, R, Six Dijkstra, MWMC, Bieleman, HJ, Stewart, RE, Reneman, MF, Oosterveld, FGJ & Schreurs, KMG 2019, 'Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers', Journal of Occupational Health, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 242-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/1348-9585.12041

Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers. / Soer, Remko; Six Dijkstra, Marianne W.M.C.; Bieleman, Hendrik J.; Stewart, Roy E.; Reneman, Michiel F.; Oosterveld, Frits G.J.; Schreurs, Karlein M.G.

In: Journal of Occupational Health, Vol. 61, No. 3, 22.03.2019, p. 242-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers

AU - Soer, Remko

AU - Six Dijkstra, Marianne W.M.C.

AU - Bieleman, Hendrik J.

AU - Stewart, Roy E.

AU - Reneman, Michiel F.

AU - Oosterveld, Frits G.J.

AU - Schreurs, Karlein M.G.

PY - 2019/3/22

Y1 - 2019/3/22

N2 - Objectives: The aim of this study was to study measurement properties of the Dutch Language Version of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS-DLV) in blue and white collar workers employed at multiple companies and to compare the validity and factor structure to other language versions. Methods: Workers (n = 1023) were assessed during a cross-sectional health surveillance. Construct validity was tested with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) and hypothesis testing. Reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha. Results: A two-factor structure of the BRS-DLV had good model fit in both EFA and CFA, which could be explained by difficulties of workers with reversed order items. After excluding these inconsistent answering patterns, a one-factor structure showed good model fit resembling the original BRS (χ 2 = 16.5; CFI & TLI = 0.99; SRMR = 0.02;RMSEA = 0.04). Internal consistency is sufficient (Cronbach's α = 0.78). All five hypotheses were confirmed, suggesting construct validity. Conclusions: Reliability of the BRS-DLV is sufficient and there is evidence of construct validity. Inconsistent answering, however, caused problems in interpretation and factor structure of the BRS-DLV. This can be easily detected and handled because item 2, 4 and 6 are in reversed order. Other language versions differ in factor structure, most likely because systematic errors are not corrected for. To collect valid data, it is advised to be aware of inconsistent answering of respondents.

AB - Objectives: The aim of this study was to study measurement properties of the Dutch Language Version of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS-DLV) in blue and white collar workers employed at multiple companies and to compare the validity and factor structure to other language versions. Methods: Workers (n = 1023) were assessed during a cross-sectional health surveillance. Construct validity was tested with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) and hypothesis testing. Reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha. Results: A two-factor structure of the BRS-DLV had good model fit in both EFA and CFA, which could be explained by difficulties of workers with reversed order items. After excluding these inconsistent answering patterns, a one-factor structure showed good model fit resembling the original BRS (χ 2 = 16.5; CFI & TLI = 0.99; SRMR = 0.02;RMSEA = 0.04). Internal consistency is sufficient (Cronbach's α = 0.78). All five hypotheses were confirmed, suggesting construct validity. Conclusions: Reliability of the BRS-DLV is sufficient and there is evidence of construct validity. Inconsistent answering, however, caused problems in interpretation and factor structure of the BRS-DLV. This can be easily detected and handled because item 2, 4 and 6 are in reversed order. Other language versions differ in factor structure, most likely because systematic errors are not corrected for. To collect valid data, it is advised to be aware of inconsistent answering of respondents.

KW - Employability

KW - Factor structure

KW - Health prevention

KW - Reliability

KW - Resilience

KW - Validity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064757937&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/1348-9585.12041

DO - 10.1002/1348-9585.12041

M3 - Article

C2 - 30903648

AN - SCOPUS:85064757937

VL - 61

SP - 242

EP - 250

JO - Journal of Occupational Health

JF - Journal of Occupational Health

SN - 1341-9145

IS - 3

ER -

Soer R, Six Dijkstra MWMC, Bieleman HJ, Stewart RE, Reneman MF, Oosterveld FGJ et al. Measurement properties and implications of the Brief Resilience Scale in healthy workers. Journal of Occupational Health. 2019 Mar 22;61(3):242-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/1348-9585.12041