The focus of this paper is on the mechanical design of a NbTi-based demonstrator magnet for magnetic density separation (MDS) that is being constructed at the University of Twente. MDS is a new recycling technology that allows the separation of non-magnetic particles based on their mass density, using a vertical magnetic field gradient and a ferrofluid. The unique mechanical design challenge for this type of magnet is the desired minimization of the distance between a sim1 m2 planar array of cryogenic racetrack coils and the ambient-temperature ferrofluid bath. The optimization of the magnet geometry results in a distance between the coils and ferrofluid of 50 mm. This is made possible by opting for conduction-cooling, for the inclusion of room-temperature rods that pass through the cold mass to support the cryostat, and for the geometry of the cassette that reacts to the Lorentz force.
- magnetic density separation
- vertical magnetic field gradient