Mechanical mapping and morphology across the length scales unveil structure-property relationships in polycaprolactone based polyurethanes

Hubert Gojzewski, B. Imre, C. Check, R. Chartoff, Gyula J. Vancso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Segmented polyurethane elastomers for biomedical applications were synthesized and studied at macroscopic (by mechanical testing) and meso/nanoscopic length scales (by atomic force microscopy, AFM). The polyurethanes are composed of 4,4'-methylenebis(phenyl isocyanate), 1,4-butanediol and an ε-polycaprolactone diol. The stoichiometric ratio of the isocyanate and hydroxyl groups is constant, but the polymer diol to total diol—varies from 0 to 100 %. We show the representative features of the morphology from phase separation to mixed phases, how this is related to the mechanical properties in the bulk and locally, at exposed free surfaces and at the nanoscale. We propose a morphological model considering the molecular structure, the length of hard segments, and the dimensions of both the soft and the hard phases, respectively. Understanding such structure–property relations is pivotal to establishing designer materials and controlling the performance of the final product to achieve optimal properties in polyurethane based medical devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2298-2310
JournalJournal of polymer science. Part B: Polymer physics
Volume54
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • METIS-317907
  • IR-101399

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