Mechanical Strength and Stiffness of Biodegradable and Titanium Osteofixation Systems

Gerrit J. Buijs*, Eduard B. van der Houwen, Boudewijn Stegenga, Rudulf R.M. Bos, Gijsbertus J. Verkerke

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    44 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: To present relevant mechanical data to simplify the selection of an osteofixation system for situations requiring immobilization in oral and maxillofacial surgery.

    Materials and Methods: Seven biodegradable and 2 titanium osteofixation systems were investigated. The plates and screws were fixed to 2 polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) blocks to simulate bone segments. The plates and screws were subjected to tensile, side bending, and torsion tests. During tensile tests, the strength of the osteofixation system was monitored. The stiffness was calculated for the tensile, side bending, and torsion tests.

    Results: The 2 titanium systems (1.5 mm and 2.0 mm) presented significantly higher tensile strength and stiffness compared with the 7 biodegradable systems (2.0 mm, 2.1 mm, and 2.5 mm). The 2.0 mm titanium system showed significantly higher side bending and torsion stiffness than the other 8 systems.

    Conclusion: Based on the results of the current study, it can be concluded that the titanium osteofixation systems were (significantly) stronger and stiffer than the biodegradable systems. The BioSorb FX (Linvatec Biomaterials Ltd, Tampere, Finland), LactoSorb (Walter Lorenz Surgical Inc, Jacksonville, FL), and Inion (Inion Ltd, Tampere, Finland) 2.5 mm systems have high mechanical device strength and stiffness compared with the investigated biodegradable osteofixation systems. With the cross-sectional surface taken into account, the Biosorb FX system (with its subtle design) proves to be the far more superior system. The Resorb X (Gebrüder Martin GmbH & Co, Tuttlingen, Germany) and MacroPore (MacroPore Biosurgery Inc, Memphis, TN) systems present to be, at least from a mechanical point of view, the least strong and stiff systems in the test.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2148-2158
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
    Volume65
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

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