Meniscus dynamics and evaporation in inkjet printing

Maaike Rump

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

309 Downloads (Pure)


This thesis attempts to provide solutions to the challenges arising in inkjet printing when wanting to improve the speed, accuracy and quality of piezoacoustic inkjet printing. Chapter 1 describes a mechanism of bubble entrainment in an inkjet nozzle that results from the large meniscus deformations at high driving voltages. We describe the experimental observations and provide a proof of concept for the proposed mechanism using (inviscid and irrotational) numerical simulations. In chapter 2, we aim to validate the proposed mechanism of chapter 1 by utilizing synchrotron experiments and combining these results with (viscous and rotational) numerical simulations. The investigation on meniscus deformations is continued in chapter 3 for lower driving voltages, where we investigate the different oscillating modes of the meniscus and attempt to predict the required driving frequency to trigger the different observed modes.

In the second part of the thesis, we focus on the multi-component properties of the ink inside the printhead. In chapter 4, we describe a method to measure changes in the concentration inside the nozzle during the evaporation of a mixture where one liquid has a higher evaporation rate than the other. We quantify the concentration changes by using the piezo element to measure the corresponding change of the acoustics inside the printhead. Using an in-house developed analytical model, which is further validated by numerical simulations, these measurements provide information on the liquid composition in the nozzle. Finally, in chapter 5, the liquid mixture is a water-surfactant solution, where we investigate how the presence of surfactant influences droplet formation and the resulting droplet velocity and volume during the different timescales involved in inkjet printing.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
  • Lohse, Detlef, Supervisor
  • Versluis, Michel, Supervisor
  • Segers, Tim Joseph, Co-Supervisor
Award date3 Jun 2022
Place of PublicationEnschede
Print ISBNs978-90-365-5372-8
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2022


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