Mesenteric vascular disease is a relatively rare disease; however the morbidity and mortality are significant. Improved diagnosis and treatment of mesenteric obstructive arterial disease and its complications have occurred. Biplanar angiography of the mesenteric arteries remains the best method of diagnosing mesenteric vascular diseases, though duplex sonography of the mesenteric arteries appears to be a valuable screening tool. Magnetic resonance angiography has the potential to improve on the diagnostic accuracy. Mesenteric artery reconstructive surgery remains the treatment of choice. Newer surveillance techniques such as tonometry may enhance perioperative monitoring and consequently improve the results of mesenteric artery reconstructive surgery. Aggressive support medical therapy plays a significant role in the treatment and reduces patient morbidity and mortality in carefully selected cases. There remains a dearth of prospective controlled trials in patients with this condition.
- Mesenteric arteries