Metal surface temperature induced by moving laser beams

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    Whenever a metal is irradiated with a laser beam, electromagnetic energy is
    transformed into heat in a thin surface layer. The maximum surface temperature is the most important quantity which determines the processing result. Expressions for this maximum temperature are provided by the literature for stationary cases. In practice, however, moving beams are of more importance.
    Based on a fast numerical algorithm which allows calculation of the induced
    temperature profile, the maximum surface temperature for stationary and moving laser beams is calculated. Next, two types of approximating functions are presented relating the scanning speed to the maximum surface temperature. Using dimensionless numbers, the results can be applied to different materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1397-1406
    Number of pages10
    JournalOptical and quantum electronics
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 1995


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