Microfluidic-based skin-on-chip systems for safety assessment of nanomaterials

S. Costa, V. Vilas-Boas, F. Lebre, J.M. Granjeiro, C.M. Catarino, L. Moreira teixeira, P. Loskill, E. Alfaro-Moreno, R.A. Ribeiro*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The skin is the body’s largest organ, continuously exposed to and affected by natural and anthropogenic nanomaterials (materials with external and internal dimensions in the nanoscale range). This broad spectrum of insults gives rise to irreversible health effects (from skin corrosion to cancer). Organ-on-chip systems can recapitulate skin physiology with high fidelity and potentially revolutionize the safety assessment of nanomaterials. Here, we review current advances in skin-on-chip models and their potential to elucidate biological mechanisms. Further, strategies are discussed to recapitulate skin physiology on-chip, improving control over nanomaterials exposure and transport across cells. Finally, we highlight future opportunities and challenges from design and fabrication to acceptance by regulatory bodies and industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1298
Number of pages17
JournalTrends in biotechnology
Volume41
Issue number10
Early online date5 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023

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