Microrheology of colloidal dispersions by Brownian dynamics simulations

I.C. Carpen, John F. Brady, J.F. Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate active particle-tracking microrheology in a colloidal dispersion by Brownian dynamics simulations. A probe particle is dragged through the dispersion with an externally imposed force in order to access the nonlinear viscoelastic response of the medium. The probe’s motion is governed by a balance between the external force and the entropic “reactive” force of the dispersion resulting from the microstructural deformation. A “microviscosity” is defined by appealing to the Stokes drag on the probe and serves as a measure of the viscoelastic response. This microviscosity is a function of the Péclet number (Pe=Fa∕kT)—the ratio of “driven” (F) to diffusive (kT∕a) transport—as well as of the volume fraction of the force-free bath particles making up the colloidal dispersion. At low Pe—in the passive microrheology regime—the microviscosity can be directly related to the long-time self-diffusivity of the probe. As Pe increases, the microviscosity “force-thins” until another Newtonian plateau is reached at large Pe. Microviscosities for all Péclet numbers and volume fractions can be collapsed onto a single curve through a simple volume fraction scaling and equate well to predictions from dilute microrheology theory. The microviscosity is shown to compare well with traditional macrorheology results (theory and simulations).
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)1483-1502
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of rheology
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Brownian Dynamics
  • IR-73481
  • Colloidal suspension
  • Colloids
  • Flow
  • Deformation
  • Drag
  • Microrheology
  • Rheology
  • Rheometry
  • Entropy
  • Visco-elasticity
  • Viscosity
  • self-diffusion
  • METIS-227702
  • Brownian motion

Cite this

Carpen, I.C. ; Brady, John F. ; Brady, J.F. / Microrheology of colloidal dispersions by Brownian dynamics simulations. In: Journal of rheology. 2005 ; Vol. 49, No. 6. pp. 1483-1502.
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Microrheology of colloidal dispersions by Brownian dynamics simulations. / Carpen, I.C.; Brady, John F.; Brady, J.F.

In: Journal of rheology, Vol. 49, No. 6, 2005, p. 1483-1502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Microrheology of colloidal dispersions by Brownian dynamics simulations

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AU - Brady, John F.

AU - Brady, J.F.

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AB - We investigate active particle-tracking microrheology in a colloidal dispersion by Brownian dynamics simulations. A probe particle is dragged through the dispersion with an externally imposed force in order to access the nonlinear viscoelastic response of the medium. The probe’s motion is governed by a balance between the external force and the entropic “reactive” force of the dispersion resulting from the microstructural deformation. A “microviscosity” is defined by appealing to the Stokes drag on the probe and serves as a measure of the viscoelastic response. This microviscosity is a function of the Péclet number (Pe=Fa∕kT)—the ratio of “driven” (F) to diffusive (kT∕a) transport—as well as of the volume fraction of the force-free bath particles making up the colloidal dispersion. At low Pe—in the passive microrheology regime—the microviscosity can be directly related to the long-time self-diffusivity of the probe. As Pe increases, the microviscosity “force-thins” until another Newtonian plateau is reached at large Pe. Microviscosities for all Péclet numbers and volume fractions can be collapsed onto a single curve through a simple volume fraction scaling and equate well to predictions from dilute microrheology theory. The microviscosity is shown to compare well with traditional macrorheology results (theory and simulations).

KW - Brownian Dynamics

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KW - Colloids

KW - Flow

KW - Deformation

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KW - Rheometry

KW - Entropy

KW - Visco-elasticity

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KW - self-diffusion

KW - METIS-227702

KW - Brownian motion

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SN - 0148-6055

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