Microscopic nonenquilibrium theory of double-barrier Josephson junctions

Alexander Brinkman, Alexandre Avraamovitch Golubov, Horst Rogalla, F.K. Wilhelm, M. Yu Kupriyanov

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Abstract

We study nonequilibrium charge transport in a double-barrier Josephson junction, including nonstationary phenomena, using the time-dependent quasiclassical Keldysh Green's function formalism. We supplement the kinetic equations by appropriate time-dependent boundary conditions and solve the time-dependent problem in a number of regimes. From the solutions, current-voltage characteristics are derived. It is understood why the quasiparticle current can show excess current as well as deficit current and how the subgap conductance behaves as function of junction parameters. A time-dependent nonequilibrium contribution to the distribution function is found to cause a nonzero averaged supercurrent even in the presence of an applied voltage. Energy relaxation due to inelastic scattering in the interlayer has a prominent role in determining the transport properties of double-barrier junctions. Actual inelastic scattering parameters are derived from experiments. It is shown as an application of the microscopic model, how the nature of the intrinsic shunt in double-barrier junctions can be explained in terms of energy relaxation and the opening of Andreev channels.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)224513-
JournalPhysical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics
Volume68
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • METIS-213654
  • IR-40681

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