Objective: The fenestrated Anaconda endograft (Vascutek, Renfrewshire, Scotland) was introduced in 2010 and showed promising short-term results with high technical success and low morbidity rates. The aim of this study was to present the midterm results, with a minimum of 12 months follow-up, for all patients treated with the fenestrated Anaconda endograft in The Netherlands.
Methods: Patients treated with the fenestrated Anaconda endograft between May 2011 and February 2015 were included. Follow-up consisted of computed tomography angiography at 1 month and 1 year, and duplex ultrasound yearly thereafter with additional computed tomography angiography if indicated using a standard protocol.
Results: A total of 60 patients were included; 48 patients (80.0%) were treated for juxtarenal aneurysms, and 12 (20.0%) were short-neck infrarenal aneurysms. Mean aneurysm size was 64 ± 9 mm. A total of 140 fenestrations were incorporated. Median follow-up was 16.4 months (interquartile range, 11.9-27.4). The 30-day mortality was 3.4% (n = 2). Kaplan-Meier estimates for 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year survival were 91.4%, 89.5%, and 86.3%, respectively, without aneurysm-related mortality during follow-up. Main body primary and secondary endograft patencies were 98.3% and 100%, respectively. Target vessel primary and secondary patencies were 95.0% and 98.6%, respectively. Early type IA endoleaks occurred in seven patients (11.7%) and spontaneously resolved in all patients. At 1-year follow-up 4 (6.7%) type II endoleaks persisted. One patient experienced aneurysm rupture because of a late type III endoleak attributable to a dislodged renal stent and subsequently underwent successful conversion to open surgery.
Conclusions: The fenestrated Anaconda is a viable treatment option for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms. Acceptable mortality and morbidity and low reintervention rates contribute to good midterm results. Occurrence of early type I endoleak was relatively common, but these resolved spontaneously in all patients.