Purpose: To assess the incidence of migration after endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) in conjunction with chimney grafts (chEVAS) for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Materials and Methods: A retrospective, observational cohort study was conducted of 31 patients (mean age 75.7 years; 27 men) treated for juxtarenal AAA between April 2013 and December 2018 at single centers in New Zealand and the Netherlands. The majority of patients received >1 chimney graft (13 single, 13 double, and 5 triple) during chEVAS. Six patients had only the first postoperative scan, so the migration analysis was based on 25 patients. Results: Median seal length assessed on the first postoperative computed tomography scan was 36.5 mm. The assisted technical success rate was 93.5% with 2 technical failures. Median time to final imaging follow-up was 17 months in 25 patients. At the latest follow-up, there were no cases of caudal migration >10 mm. Freedom from caudal movement of 5 to 9 mm was estimated as 86.1% at 1 year and 73.9% at 2 years; freedom from clinically relevant migration (movement requiring reintervention) was 100% at both time intervals. However, at 3 years there were 2 cases of caudal movement of 5 to 9 mm and a type Ia endoleak warranting reintervention. No correlation between migration and aneurysm growth (p=0.851), endoleak (p=0.562), or the number of chimney grafts (p=0.728) was found. During follow-up, 2 patients (7%) had aneurysm rupture and 10 (33%) had reinterventions. Eight patients (27%) died; 2 were aneurysm-related (7%) and due to the consequences of a reintervention. Conclusion: In the 2 years following chEVAS, there was no caudal migration >10 mm, but nearly a quarter of patients had caudal movement of 5 to 9 mm. A trend was observed toward ongoing migration that required intervention at 3-year follow-up. chEVAS is technically challenging and should be considered only for patients with no viable alternative treatment option.
- chimney graft
- endovascular aneurysm sealing
- parallel graft
- abdominal aortic aneurysm