Miniature spectrometer and beam splitter for an optical coherence tomography on a silicon chip

B.I. Akça, B. Považay, A. Alex, K. Wörhoff, R.M. de Ridder, W. Drexler, M. Pollnau

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    46 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has enabled clinical applications that revolutionized in vivo medical diagnostics. Nevertheless, its current limitations owing to cost, size, complexity, and the need for accurate alignment must be overcome by radically novel approaches. Exploiting integrated optics, we assemble the central components of a spectral-domain OCT system on a silicon chip. The spectrometer comprises an arrayed-waveguide grating with 136-nm free spectral range and 0.21-nm wavelength resolution. The beam splitter is realized by a non-uniform adiabatic coupler with its 3-dB splitting ratio being nearly constant over 150 nm. With this device whose overall volume is 0.36 cm3 we demonstrate high-quality in vivo imaging in human skin with 1.4-mm penetration depth, 7.5-μm axial resolution, and a signal-to-noise ratio of 74 dB. Considering the reasonable performance of this early OCT on-a-chip system and the anticipated improvements in this technology, a completely different range of devices and new fields of applications may become feasible.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)16648-16656
    Number of pages9
    JournalOptics express
    Volume21
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

    Keywords

    • IOMS-PIT: PHOTONICS INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY
    • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
    • Integrated optics devices

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    Akça, B. I., Považay, B., Alex, A., Wörhoff, K., de Ridder, R. M., Drexler, W., & Pollnau, M. (2013). Miniature spectrometer and beam splitter for an optical coherence tomography on a silicon chip. Optics express, 21(14), 16648-16656. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.016648