### Abstract

It is well known that for preemptive scheduling on uniform machines there exist polynomial time exact algorithms, whereas for nonpreemptive scheduling there are probably no such algorithms. However, it is not clear how many preemptions (in total, or per job) suffice in order to guarantee an optimal polynomial time algorithm. In this paper we investigate exactly this hardness gap, formalized as two variants of the classic preemptive scheduling problem. In generalized multiprocessor scheduling (GMS), we have job-wise or total bound on the number of preemptions throughout a feasible schedule. We need to find a schedule that satisfies the preemption constraints, such that the maximum job completion time is minimized. In minimum preemptions scheduling (MPS), the only feasible schedules are preemptive schedules with smallest possible makespan. The goal is to find a feasible schedule that minimizes the overall number of preemptions. Both problems are NP-hard, even for two machines and zero preemptions.For GMS, we develop polynomial time approximation schemes, distinguishing between the cases where the number of machines is fixed, or given as part of the input. For MPS, we derive matching lower and upper bounds on the number of preemptions required by any optimal schedule.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings of the 10th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA'2002) |

Editors | R. Möhring, R. Raman |

Publisher | Springer |

Pages | 859-871 |

ISBN (Print) | 3-540-44180-8 |

Publication status | Published - 2002 |

Event | 10th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2002 - Rome, Italy Duration: 17 Sep 2002 → 21 Sep 2002 Conference number: 10 |

### Conference

Conference | 10th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2002 |
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Abbreviated title | ESA |

Country | Italy |

City | Rome |

Period | 17/09/02 → 21/09/02 |

### Keywords

- METIS-208659

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## Cite this

Shachnai, H., Tamir, T., & Woeginger, G. (2002). Minimizing makespan and preemption costs on a system of uniform machines. In R. Möhring, & R. Raman (Eds.),

*Proceedings of the 10th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA'2002)*(pp. 859-871). Springer.