Mixed reality towards environmentally sustainable manufacturing: overview, barriers and design recommendations

Sebastian Thiede*, Roy Gerhardus Johannes Damgrave, Eric Lutters

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
70 Downloads (Pure)


Mixed reality (MR) stands for the seamless combination of the physical world and virtual objects, e.g. in form of augmented reality (AR) on head mounted displays or on smartphones. The underlying technologies are more and more mature and various use cases in and beyond manufacturing can be found in industry and research. Typical applications deal with e.g. support of maintenance, quality management, assembly operations or training. However, the question arises how promising MR potentials can also be tapped towards environmental sustainability in manufacturing. Against this background, this paper identifies and analyses existing MR approaches with direct or indirect contributions, but also analyses related efforts and barriers. Based on this, feasible design strategies are suggested to support the development of future environmentally sustainability oriented MR solutions for manufacturing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-313
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia CIRP
Early online date8 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2022
Event29th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, LCE 2022 - KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Duration: 4 Apr 20226 Apr 2022
Conference number: 29


  • sustainable manufacturing
  • mixed reality
  • augmented reality
  • smart manufacturing


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