Mixing enhancement in a passive micromixer with convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels and different ratio of amplitude to wave length

Davoud Jafari, Mohsen Khosravi Parsa, Faramarz Hormozi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimental investigations and computational fluid dynamic on the characteristics of mixing inside the fabricated micromixers have been conducted. In order to study the mixing, several micromixer made by CO2 laser ablation process with sinusoidal convergent–divergent cross section including the T-shape inlet have been employed. The fluid mixing is clearly observed using a digital microscope imaging system. Beside, computational fluid dynamics via finite element method is used for 3D modeling of single phase flow in a microchannel. Experimental results demonstrated the reasonable agreement with those obtained by CFD. The main purpose of this modeling is to extend the previous knowledge related to the Dean and separation vortices forming inside the convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels. Moreover, effects of designing parameters such as aspect ratio of cross section and ratio of amplitude to wave length (A/ʎ) and operational condition such as Reynolds number on pressure-drop and mixing index are also investigated. Therefore, based on the obtained results, best mixing condition at short mixing length is introduced and a new micromixer is suggested that may be considered as a proper case due to higher mixer index and ease of fabrication in comparison with previous ones used in biomedical and biochemical analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-90
JournalComputers and fluids
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Microchannels
Wavelength
Computational fluid dynamics
Laser ablation
Imaging systems
Pressure drop
Aspect ratio
Vortex flow
Reynolds number
Microscopes
Finite element method
Fabrication
Fluids

Keywords

  • Convergent–divergent cross section
  • Dean vortices
  • Laser CO2
  • Numerical analysis
  • Passive micromixer
  • Separation vortices

Cite this

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title = "Mixing enhancement in a passive micromixer with convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels and different ratio of amplitude to wave length",
abstract = "Experimental investigations and computational fluid dynamic on the characteristics of mixing inside the fabricated micromixers have been conducted. In order to study the mixing, several micromixer made by CO2 laser ablation process with sinusoidal convergent–divergent cross section including the T-shape inlet have been employed. The fluid mixing is clearly observed using a digital microscope imaging system. Beside, computational fluid dynamics via finite element method is used for 3D modeling of single phase flow in a microchannel. Experimental results demonstrated the reasonable agreement with those obtained by CFD. The main purpose of this modeling is to extend the previous knowledge related to the Dean and separation vortices forming inside the convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels. Moreover, effects of designing parameters such as aspect ratio of cross section and ratio of amplitude to wave length (A/ʎ) and operational condition such as Reynolds number on pressure-drop and mixing index are also investigated. Therefore, based on the obtained results, best mixing condition at short mixing length is introduced and a new micromixer is suggested that may be considered as a proper case due to higher mixer index and ease of fabrication in comparison with previous ones used in biomedical and biochemical analysis.",
keywords = "Convergent–divergent cross section, Dean vortices, Laser CO2, Numerical analysis, Passive micromixer, Separation vortices",
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Mixing enhancement in a passive micromixer with convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels and different ratio of amplitude to wave length. / Jafari, Davoud ; Khosravi Parsa, Mohsen; Hormozi, Faramarz.

In: Computers and fluids, Vol. 105, 2014, p. 82-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mixing enhancement in a passive micromixer with convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels and different ratio of amplitude to wave length

AU - Jafari, Davoud

AU - Khosravi Parsa, Mohsen

AU - Hormozi, Faramarz

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Experimental investigations and computational fluid dynamic on the characteristics of mixing inside the fabricated micromixers have been conducted. In order to study the mixing, several micromixer made by CO2 laser ablation process with sinusoidal convergent–divergent cross section including the T-shape inlet have been employed. The fluid mixing is clearly observed using a digital microscope imaging system. Beside, computational fluid dynamics via finite element method is used for 3D modeling of single phase flow in a microchannel. Experimental results demonstrated the reasonable agreement with those obtained by CFD. The main purpose of this modeling is to extend the previous knowledge related to the Dean and separation vortices forming inside the convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels. Moreover, effects of designing parameters such as aspect ratio of cross section and ratio of amplitude to wave length (A/ʎ) and operational condition such as Reynolds number on pressure-drop and mixing index are also investigated. Therefore, based on the obtained results, best mixing condition at short mixing length is introduced and a new micromixer is suggested that may be considered as a proper case due to higher mixer index and ease of fabrication in comparison with previous ones used in biomedical and biochemical analysis.

AB - Experimental investigations and computational fluid dynamic on the characteristics of mixing inside the fabricated micromixers have been conducted. In order to study the mixing, several micromixer made by CO2 laser ablation process with sinusoidal convergent–divergent cross section including the T-shape inlet have been employed. The fluid mixing is clearly observed using a digital microscope imaging system. Beside, computational fluid dynamics via finite element method is used for 3D modeling of single phase flow in a microchannel. Experimental results demonstrated the reasonable agreement with those obtained by CFD. The main purpose of this modeling is to extend the previous knowledge related to the Dean and separation vortices forming inside the convergent–divergent sinusoidal microchannels. Moreover, effects of designing parameters such as aspect ratio of cross section and ratio of amplitude to wave length (A/ʎ) and operational condition such as Reynolds number on pressure-drop and mixing index are also investigated. Therefore, based on the obtained results, best mixing condition at short mixing length is introduced and a new micromixer is suggested that may be considered as a proper case due to higher mixer index and ease of fabrication in comparison with previous ones used in biomedical and biochemical analysis.

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KW - Laser CO2

KW - Numerical analysis

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KW - Separation vortices

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