Modality switching and performance in a thought and speech controlled computer game

Hayrettin Gürkök, Gido Hakvoort, Mannes Poel

  • 9 Citations

Abstract

Providing multiple modalities to users is known to improve the overall performance of an interface. Weakness of one modality can be overcome by the strength of another one. Moreover, with respect to their abilities, users can choose between the modalities to use the one that is the best for them. In this paper we explored whether this holds for direct control of a computer game which can be played using a brain-computer interface (BCI) and an automatic speech recogniser (ASR). Participants played the games in unimodal mode (i.e. ASR-only and BCI-only) and multimodal mode where they could switch between the two modalities. The majority of the participants switched modality during the multimodal game but for the most of the time they stayed in ASR control. Therefore multimodality did not provide a significant performance improvement over unimodal control in our particular setup. We also investigated the factors which influence modality switching. We found that performance and peformance-related factors were prominently effective in modality switching.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2011)
EditorsHervé Bourlard, Thomas S. Huang, Enrique Vidal, Daniel Gatica-Perez, Louis-Philippe Morency, Nicu Sebe
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherACM
Pages41-48
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-0641-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011
Event13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, ICMI 2011 - Alicante, Spain

Publication series

Name
PublisherACM

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, ICMI 2011
Abbreviated titleICMI
CountrySpain
CityAlicante
Period14/11/1118/11/11

Fingerprint

Brain computer interface
Computer games
Switches

Keywords

  • IR-78612
  • METIS-281572
  • EWI-20821
  • HMI-MI: MULTIMODAL INTERACTIONS
  • HMI-CI: Computational Intelligence
  • HMI-SLT: Speech and Language Technology

Cite this

Gürkök, H., Hakvoort, G., & Poel, M. (2011). Modality switching and performance in a thought and speech controlled computer game. In H. Bourlard, T. S. Huang, E. Vidal, D. Gatica-Perez, L-P. Morency, & N. Sebe (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2011) (pp. 41-48). New York: ACM. DOI: 10.1145/2070481.2070491

Gürkök, Hayrettin; Hakvoort, Gido; Poel, Mannes / Modality switching and performance in a thought and speech controlled computer game.

Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2011). ed. / Hervé Bourlard; Thomas S. Huang; Enrique Vidal; Daniel Gatica-Perez; Louis-Philippe Morency; Nicu Sebe. New York : ACM, 2011. p. 41-48.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewConference contribution

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Gürkök, H, Hakvoort, G & Poel, M 2011, Modality switching and performance in a thought and speech controlled computer game. in H Bourlard, TS Huang, E Vidal, D Gatica-Perez, L-P Morency & N Sebe (eds), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2011). ACM, New York, pp. 41-48, 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, ICMI 2011, Alicante, Spain, 14-18 November. DOI: 10.1145/2070481.2070491

Modality switching and performance in a thought and speech controlled computer game. / Gürkök, Hayrettin; Hakvoort, Gido; Poel, Mannes.

Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2011). ed. / Hervé Bourlard; Thomas S. Huang; Enrique Vidal; Daniel Gatica-Perez; Louis-Philippe Morency; Nicu Sebe. New York : ACM, 2011. p. 41-48.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewConference contribution

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Gürkök H, Hakvoort G, Poel M. Modality switching and performance in a thought and speech controlled computer game. In Bourlard H, Huang TS, Vidal E, Gatica-Perez D, Morency L-P, Sebe N, editors, Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2011). New York: ACM. 2011. p. 41-48. Available from, DOI: 10.1145/2070481.2070491