Model-based wavefront shaping microscopy

Abhilash Thendiyammal*, Gerwin Osnabrugge, Tom Knop, Ivo Micha Vellekoop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Working paper

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Wavefront shaping is increasingly being used in modern microscopy to obtain distortion-free, highresolution images deep inside inhomogeneous media. Wavefront shaping methods typically rely on the presence of a ‘guidestar’ in order to find the optimal wavefront to mitigate the scattering of light. However, this condition cannot be satisfied in most biomedical applications. Here, we introduce a novel, guidestar-free wavefront shaping method in which the optimal wavefront is computed using a digital model of the sample. The refractive index model of the sample, that serves as the input for the computation, is constructed in-situ by the microscope itself. In a proof of principle imaging experiment, we demonstrate a large improvement in the two-photon fluorescence signal through a diffuse medium, outperforming the state-of-the-art wavefront shaping techniques by a factor of 21.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2020


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