In Chap. 2 we presented the fundamental methods employed for the analytical study of tethered aerial vehicles. However, in order to practically apply the presented control and estimation methods to the real robotic platform, we need a good understanding of the underlying subsystems, such as actuators and sensors, and the corresponding mathematical models. Therefore, in the following we shall closely analyze the robotic systems under exam, namely aerial vehicles connected by links, looking at their subsystems, actuators and sensors. We firstly characterize a generic link and a generic unidirectional-thrust aerial vehicle in a free-flight condition, deriving their dynamic models. Afterwards, looking at the robotic system from an actuation point of view, we closely analyze the thrusters, composed by brushless motor plus propeller, and servo/torque motors employed to actively change the link length. Finally, this time looking at the robotic system from a sensing point of view, we review the standard sensory setup that one can find on aerial vehicles, and the additional sensors that we intend to use to measure the configuration of the link. The following does not claim to be a deep and through discussion on aerial vehicles and their actuators and sensors. On the contrary, the intent is to introduce the mathematical models of the subsystems composing a tethered aerial vehicle, in order to better understand the relative theoretical results. For a more detailed discussion on aerial vehicles we will refer the reader to appropriate references.