Modeling and design of a spiral-shaped Mach-Zehnder interferometric sensor for refractive index sensing of watery solutions

M. Hoekman, Marcel Dijkstra, Mindert Dijkstra, Hugo Hoekstra

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    Abstract

    The modeling and design of a spiral-shaped Mach-Zehnder Interferometric sensor (sMZI sensor) for refractive index sensing of watery solutions is presented. The goal of the running project is to realise a multi-sensing array by placing multiple sMZIs in series to form a sensing branch, and to place several sensing branches in parallel. In such an arrangment it is possible to use a single light source for several sensors. Each sensor will contain an electro-optical modulator, which makes it possible to separately interrogate and accurately read-out each sensor in the same sensing branch. One of the novelties in this project is the spiral-shaped layout of the MZI, which has several advantages: a long sensor window length can be placed in a compact sensor chip: within an area of 1 × 1 cm2 lengths of several tens of cm are feasible. Another advantage of the spiral shape is that if both MZI branches are identical (except for the sensor layer) the sensor should be very insensitive to fluctuations in temperature and even to temperature gradients across the chip. Beside robustness, the spiral shape also allows cascading of several sensors. A parametrised sMZI has been designed such that the position, slope, and curvature are continuous. The sensors can each be coated with e.g. a specific immunolayer to be able to detect changes in concentration of viri, bacteria or enzymes. In this project, technology is being developed for the immobilisation and photolithographical patterning of such immunolayers, which should result in a demonstrator to monitor the ripening process of cheese by measuring changes in the concentration of several different enzymes involved in this process.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationThe Sense of Contact VIII
    PublisherSTW
    Pages-
    Number of pages1
    ISBN (Print)90-74702-52-X
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2006
    Event8th Sensor Technology Conference Sense of Contact 2006 - Wageningen, The Netherlands, Wageningen, Netherlands
    Duration: 28 Mar 200628 Mar 2006
    Conference number: 8

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherSTW, FHI
    NumberPaper Th3.

    Conference

    Conference8th Sensor Technology Conference Sense of Contact 2006
    Abbreviated titleSense of Contact VIII
    CountryNetherlands
    CityWageningen
    Period28/03/0628/03/06
    Other28 March 2006

    Keywords

    • IOMS-SNS: SENSORS
    • METIS-237889
    • IR-66846
    • EWI-8982

    Cite this

    Hoekman, M., Dijkstra, M., Dijkstra, M., & Hoekstra, H. (2006). Modeling and design of a spiral-shaped Mach-Zehnder interferometric sensor for refractive index sensing of watery solutions. In The Sense of Contact VIII (pp. -). STW.