Modeling Cost Impacts and Adaptation of Freeze-Thaw Climate Change on a Porous Asphalt Road Network

Kyle P. Kwiatkowski*, Irina Stipanovic Oslakovic, Herbert ter Maat, Andreas Hartmann, Paul Chinowsky, Geert P.M.R. Dewulf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Changes in weather patterns pose a threat to the serviceability and long-term performance of roads, and porous asphalt (PA) roads are particularly sensitive to the freezing-thawing (FT) phenomenon. The main objective of this research is to assess the impact of climate change, particularly freezing and thawing cycles, on PA. Climate models predict changes in air temperature, not pavement temperature. To predict the climate change impact on pavements performance, this requires first establishing a relationship between air and road temperature and a correlation between pavement performance and FT cycles. This project focuses on the Netherlands, where PA pavement use has become mandatory, and recent severe winters have increased the discussion about the cold weather performance of porous asphalt and the potential challenges of changing winter weather patterns. When considering long-term changes in climate, the cost impacts of freeze-thaw on PA pavement are predicted to vary regionally and in most areas reach a point in the middle of the century when a reactive wait-and-see approach is more advantageous than proactive adaptation. Further research is suggested to refine the relationship between observed damage and freeze-thaw impacts on PA pavement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04020022
JournalJournal of Infrastructure Systems
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • Adaptation
  • Climate change
  • Freeze-thaw
  • Planning
  • Porous asphalt
  • Roads


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