Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process

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    Abstract

    In hot-stamping processes, Al-Si coating is generally applied on the steel substrate to avoid decarburization and to enhance corrosion resistance of the hot-stamped parts. However, during hot stamping, the AlSi coating fractures due to thermal and mechanical loads. This deteriorates the surface quality of the stamped parts, increasing tool wear and friction between the stamping tool and coated sheet metal. These cracks are generally initiated during the heating and/or quenching phase due to phase transformations and thermal loads. The initiation of the cracks in the coating can be largely influenced by the evolution of coating microstructure, i.e. intermetallic compounds- FexAly, each of which has different thermal and mechanical properties. These intermetallic compounds are formed during the heating phase and grow in a natural order of increasing iron content in the layers close to the substrate-coating interface.

    The goal of this study is to investigate the initiation of cracks in the coating during quenching stage due to thermal loads only. Heat treatment experiments are conducted on the Al-Si coated hot-stamping steel at different austenitization temperatures, dwell times and cooling rates. The distribution of voids/micro-cracks and intermetallic compounds in the coating are examined via digital microscopy and SEM/EDX measurements, respectively. A thermal-structural finite-element model is built to predict the crack initiation in Al-Si coating during quenching; the model accounts for the spatial distribution and mechanical properties of different intermetallic compounds. The results show large strain localization around the voids due to thermal loads during quenching, leading to micro-cracks towards the surface.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication11th Forming Technology Forum Zurich 2018
    Subtitle of host publicationExperimental and numerical methods in the FEM based crack prediction
    EditorsPavel Hora
    Place of PublicationETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Pages87-92
    Number of pages6
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2018
    Event11th Forming Technology Forum 2018: Experimental and numerical methods in the FEM based crack prediction - Technopark Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Duration: 2 Jul 20183 Jul 2018
    Conference number: 11
    http://www.ivp.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/ftf18.html

    Conference

    Conference11th Forming Technology Forum 2018
    Abbreviated titleFTF 2018
    CountrySwitzerland
    CityZurich
    Period2/07/183/07/18
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Stamping
    Crack initiation
    Quenching
    Heating
    Coatings
    Intermetallics
    Cracks
    Thermal load
    Decarburization
    Mechanical properties
    Steel
    Substrates
    Sheet metal
    Spatial distribution
    Surface properties
    Corrosion resistance
    Energy dispersive spectroscopy
    Microscopic examination
    Thermodynamic properties
    Phase transitions

    Keywords

    • austenitization temperature
    • coating fracture
    • dwell time
    • voids
    • micro-cracks

    Cite this

    Zaman, S. B., Hazrati Marangalou, J., de Rooij, M. B., Matthews, D. T. A., Venema, J., & van den Boogaard, A. H. (2018). Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process. In P. Hora (Ed.), 11th Forming Technology Forum Zurich 2018: Experimental and numerical methods in the FEM based crack prediction (pp. 87-92). ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
    Zaman, Shakil Bin ; Hazrati Marangalou, Javad ; de Rooij, M.B. ; Matthews, David Thomas Allan ; Venema, Jenny ; van den Boogaard, Antonius H. / Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process. 11th Forming Technology Forum Zurich 2018: Experimental and numerical methods in the FEM based crack prediction. editor / Pavel Hora. ETH Zurich, Switzerland, 2018. pp. 87-92
    @inproceedings{60b4588b224c4de786b6307aa489f95a,
    title = "Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process",
    abstract = "In hot-stamping processes, Al-Si coating is generally applied on the steel substrate to avoid decarburization and to enhance corrosion resistance of the hot-stamped parts. However, during hot stamping, the AlSi coating fractures due to thermal and mechanical loads. This deteriorates the surface quality of the stamped parts, increasing tool wear and friction between the stamping tool and coated sheet metal. These cracks are generally initiated during the heating and/or quenching phase due to phase transformations and thermal loads. The initiation of the cracks in the coating can be largely influenced by the evolution of coating microstructure, i.e. intermetallic compounds- FexAly, each of which has different thermal and mechanical properties. These intermetallic compounds are formed during the heating phase and grow in a natural order of increasing iron content in the layers close to the substrate-coating interface.The goal of this study is to investigate the initiation of cracks in the coating during quenching stage due to thermal loads only. Heat treatment experiments are conducted on the Al-Si coated hot-stamping steel at different austenitization temperatures, dwell times and cooling rates. The distribution of voids/micro-cracks and intermetallic compounds in the coating are examined via digital microscopy and SEM/EDX measurements, respectively. A thermal-structural finite-element model is built to predict the crack initiation in Al-Si coating during quenching; the model accounts for the spatial distribution and mechanical properties of different intermetallic compounds. The results show large strain localization around the voids due to thermal loads during quenching, leading to micro-cracks towards the surface.",
    keywords = "austenitization temperature, coating fracture, dwell time, voids, micro-cracks",
    author = "Zaman, {Shakil Bin} and {Hazrati Marangalou}, Javad and {de Rooij}, M.B. and Matthews, {David Thomas Allan} and Jenny Venema and {van den Boogaard}, {Antonius H.}",
    year = "2018",
    month = "7",
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    language = "English",
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    Zaman, SB, Hazrati Marangalou, J, de Rooij, MB, Matthews, DTA, Venema, J & van den Boogaard, AH 2018, Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process. in P Hora (ed.), 11th Forming Technology Forum Zurich 2018: Experimental and numerical methods in the FEM based crack prediction. ETH Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 87-92, 11th Forming Technology Forum 2018, Zurich, Switzerland, 2/07/18.

    Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process. / Zaman, Shakil Bin; Hazrati Marangalou, Javad ; de Rooij, M.B.; Matthews, David Thomas Allan; Venema, Jenny ; van den Boogaard, Antonius H.

    11th Forming Technology Forum Zurich 2018: Experimental and numerical methods in the FEM based crack prediction. ed. / Pavel Hora. ETH Zurich, Switzerland, 2018. p. 87-92.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    T1 - Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process

    AU - Zaman, Shakil Bin

    AU - Hazrati Marangalou, Javad

    AU - de Rooij, M.B.

    AU - Matthews, David Thomas Allan

    AU - Venema, Jenny

    AU - van den Boogaard, Antonius H.

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    Y1 - 2018/7/3

    N2 - In hot-stamping processes, Al-Si coating is generally applied on the steel substrate to avoid decarburization and to enhance corrosion resistance of the hot-stamped parts. However, during hot stamping, the AlSi coating fractures due to thermal and mechanical loads. This deteriorates the surface quality of the stamped parts, increasing tool wear and friction between the stamping tool and coated sheet metal. These cracks are generally initiated during the heating and/or quenching phase due to phase transformations and thermal loads. The initiation of the cracks in the coating can be largely influenced by the evolution of coating microstructure, i.e. intermetallic compounds- FexAly, each of which has different thermal and mechanical properties. These intermetallic compounds are formed during the heating phase and grow in a natural order of increasing iron content in the layers close to the substrate-coating interface.The goal of this study is to investigate the initiation of cracks in the coating during quenching stage due to thermal loads only. Heat treatment experiments are conducted on the Al-Si coated hot-stamping steel at different austenitization temperatures, dwell times and cooling rates. The distribution of voids/micro-cracks and intermetallic compounds in the coating are examined via digital microscopy and SEM/EDX measurements, respectively. A thermal-structural finite-element model is built to predict the crack initiation in Al-Si coating during quenching; the model accounts for the spatial distribution and mechanical properties of different intermetallic compounds. The results show large strain localization around the voids due to thermal loads during quenching, leading to micro-cracks towards the surface.

    AB - In hot-stamping processes, Al-Si coating is generally applied on the steel substrate to avoid decarburization and to enhance corrosion resistance of the hot-stamped parts. However, during hot stamping, the AlSi coating fractures due to thermal and mechanical loads. This deteriorates the surface quality of the stamped parts, increasing tool wear and friction between the stamping tool and coated sheet metal. These cracks are generally initiated during the heating and/or quenching phase due to phase transformations and thermal loads. The initiation of the cracks in the coating can be largely influenced by the evolution of coating microstructure, i.e. intermetallic compounds- FexAly, each of which has different thermal and mechanical properties. These intermetallic compounds are formed during the heating phase and grow in a natural order of increasing iron content in the layers close to the substrate-coating interface.The goal of this study is to investigate the initiation of cracks in the coating during quenching stage due to thermal loads only. Heat treatment experiments are conducted on the Al-Si coated hot-stamping steel at different austenitization temperatures, dwell times and cooling rates. The distribution of voids/micro-cracks and intermetallic compounds in the coating are examined via digital microscopy and SEM/EDX measurements, respectively. A thermal-structural finite-element model is built to predict the crack initiation in Al-Si coating during quenching; the model accounts for the spatial distribution and mechanical properties of different intermetallic compounds. The results show large strain localization around the voids due to thermal loads during quenching, leading to micro-cracks towards the surface.

    KW - austenitization temperature

    KW - coating fracture

    KW - dwell time

    KW - voids

    KW - micro-cracks

    UR - https://www.ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-interest/mavt/virtual-manufacturing/ivp-dam/News_Events/ftf2018/FTF2018_Proceedings_digital_release_2018-10-23.pdf

    M3 - Conference contribution

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    BT - 11th Forming Technology Forum Zurich 2018

    A2 - Hora, Pavel

    CY - ETH Zurich, Switzerland

    ER -

    Zaman SB, Hazrati Marangalou J, de Rooij MB, Matthews DTA, Venema J, van den Boogaard AH. Modeling crack initiation in Al-Si coating during heating/quenching phase of hot stamping process. In Hora P, editor, 11th Forming Technology Forum Zurich 2018: Experimental and numerical methods in the FEM based crack prediction. ETH Zurich, Switzerland. 2018. p. 87-92