Modeling ecological and economic systems with STELLA: Part III

Robert Costanza, Alexey Voinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


This special issue contains a group of eight modeling studies covering a range of ecological and economic systems and problems. The models were all developed using Stella®, an icon-based software package specifically designed for dynamic systems modeling. Models included in the special issue were built to describe and analyze: communities of organisms under the effects of random variability in disturbance rates and episodic disturbances; a spatially explicit metapopulation of white-tailed deer in a simulated landscape; a parcel level study of landcover change for smallholders in Altamira, Brazil; a discrete-time age structured single species fishery with dynamic total allowable catch limits; a metapopulation with an Alee effect driven to extinction by environmental stochasticity; seasonal deciduous forest growth to compare with remote sensing data (NDVI); herbivorous consumers in the Great Bay Estuary (New Hampshire); and dynamic patterns of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon in relation to the value of ecosystem services. Most of the models described in this issue are available for download from A run time only version of Stella for Windows or the Macintosh is available for free to run the models from
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalEcological modelling
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • ADLIB-ART-2153


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