Modeling large scale cohesive sediment transport affected by small scale biological activity

Bastiaan Wijnand Borsje, Mindert de Vries, Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher, Gerben J. de Boer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Biological activity on the bottom of the seabed is known to have significant influence on the dynamics of cohesive sediment on a small spatial and temporal scale. In this study, we aim to understand the large-scale effects of small-scale biological activity. Hereto, effects of biology are quantitatively incorporated into the process-based sediment transport module of Delft3D. This Bio-mud model is used to study cohesive sediment transport and deposition patterns in the Western Wadden Sea for a period of 1 year to capture seasonal changes. The modeling results suggest that the seasonal variation in the sediment concentration is caused by the combined effect of the suspended sediment concentrations at the North Sea, wind and biological activity. Moreover, the stabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the seasonal variation in suspended sediment concentrations, while the destabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the spatial variation in fine sediment on the bed.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)468-480
JournalEstuarine, coastal and shelf science
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • METIS-246209
  • IR-60087

Cite this

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title = "Modeling large scale cohesive sediment transport affected by small scale biological activity",
abstract = "Biological activity on the bottom of the seabed is known to have significant influence on the dynamics of cohesive sediment on a small spatial and temporal scale. In this study, we aim to understand the large-scale effects of small-scale biological activity. Hereto, effects of biology are quantitatively incorporated into the process-based sediment transport module of Delft3D. This Bio-mud model is used to study cohesive sediment transport and deposition patterns in the Western Wadden Sea for a period of 1 year to capture seasonal changes. The modeling results suggest that the seasonal variation in the sediment concentration is caused by the combined effect of the suspended sediment concentrations at the North Sea, wind and biological activity. Moreover, the stabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the seasonal variation in suspended sediment concentrations, while the destabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the spatial variation in fine sediment on the bed.",
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Modeling large scale cohesive sediment transport affected by small scale biological activity. / Borsje, Bastiaan Wijnand; de Vries, Mindert; Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H.; de Boer, Gerben J.

In: Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, Vol. 78, No. 3, 2008, p. 468-480.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling large scale cohesive sediment transport affected by small scale biological activity

AU - Borsje, Bastiaan Wijnand

AU - de Vries, Mindert

AU - Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H.

AU - de Boer, Gerben J.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Biological activity on the bottom of the seabed is known to have significant influence on the dynamics of cohesive sediment on a small spatial and temporal scale. In this study, we aim to understand the large-scale effects of small-scale biological activity. Hereto, effects of biology are quantitatively incorporated into the process-based sediment transport module of Delft3D. This Bio-mud model is used to study cohesive sediment transport and deposition patterns in the Western Wadden Sea for a period of 1 year to capture seasonal changes. The modeling results suggest that the seasonal variation in the sediment concentration is caused by the combined effect of the suspended sediment concentrations at the North Sea, wind and biological activity. Moreover, the stabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the seasonal variation in suspended sediment concentrations, while the destabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the spatial variation in fine sediment on the bed.

AB - Biological activity on the bottom of the seabed is known to have significant influence on the dynamics of cohesive sediment on a small spatial and temporal scale. In this study, we aim to understand the large-scale effects of small-scale biological activity. Hereto, effects of biology are quantitatively incorporated into the process-based sediment transport module of Delft3D. This Bio-mud model is used to study cohesive sediment transport and deposition patterns in the Western Wadden Sea for a period of 1 year to capture seasonal changes. The modeling results suggest that the seasonal variation in the sediment concentration is caused by the combined effect of the suspended sediment concentrations at the North Sea, wind and biological activity. Moreover, the stabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the seasonal variation in suspended sediment concentrations, while the destabilizing organisms are mainly responsible for the spatial variation in fine sediment on the bed.

KW - METIS-246209

KW - IR-60087

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecss.2008.01.009

DO - 10.1016/j.ecss.2008.01.009

M3 - Article

VL - 78

SP - 468

EP - 480

JO - Estuarine, coastal and shelf science

JF - Estuarine, coastal and shelf science

SN - 0272-7714

IS - 3

ER -