Modeling of spatial lag in bed-load transport processes and its effect on dune morphology

Olav van Duin, Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher, Jan S. Ribberink, Catarine M. Dohmen-Janssen

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13 Citations (Scopus)
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In the present study, two bed-load transport models are introduced in an existing idealized dune model. These allow for the modeling of the spatial lag between the sediment transport rate and bed shear stress along dune surfaces. This lag is an important factor in determining transitions between bedform regimes. Results of the original dune model (using an equilibrium transport formula) are compared with (1) a new model version that directly models spatial lag with a relaxation equation and (2) a new model version including pick-up and deposition processes. Both bed-load models use mean particle step length as an important parameter, which is varied to assess which value is appropriate for the dune regime. Laboratory experiments are simulated with the model. This shows that the results are best with the pick-up and deposition model version, combined with a step length of 25 times the particle diameter. It is furthermore shown that in principle the model is also able to wash out fully grown dunes, by increasing the step length parameter.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of hydraulic engineering (Reston)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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