Abstract

The state of nature is driving human activities, while human activities change the state of nature. These social‐ecological interactions have existed for millennia. Now in the Anthropocene ‐the acclaimed geological era in which human activity is the dominant influence on climate and the environment‐ many social‐ecological systems are under pressure.

Social‐ecological systems are often studied and managed separately. However, approaches that integrate these two systems are necessary to address complex interconnections and identify effective solutions to sustainability challenges. Here, models can help us untangle and understand key processes in a virtual laboratory. The modelling community has a long history in describing human‐nature relations through models, but has so far mostly focused on one‐way relations (i.e. A impacts B), without taking two‐way feedback interactions into account (i.e. A impacts B while B impacts A).

Synes et al (2019) explore in their recent study the feasibility and utility of coupling models to reflect feedback interactions between land use and ecosystem service supply. The authors simulated farmer decision making and pollinator responses by coupling two agent‐based models. In this News and Views, we provide our perspective on how such coupled modelling efforts provide an important contribution to understanding dynamics within social‐ecological systems and ultimately towards a better management of these.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalEcography
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 18 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

human activity
modeling
anthropogenic activities
pollinator
ecosystem service
decision making
sustainability
land use
pollinators
ecosystem services
climate
history
farmers
laboratory
Anthropocene

Keywords

  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE
  • UT-Hybrid-D

Cite this

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title = "Modelling how people and nature are intertwined",
abstract = "The state of nature is driving human activities, while human activities change the state of nature. These social‐ecological interactions have existed for millennia. Now in the Anthropocene ‐the acclaimed geological era in which human activity is the dominant influence on climate and the environment‐ many social‐ecological systems are under pressure.Social‐ecological systems are often studied and managed separately. However, approaches that integrate these two systems are necessary to address complex interconnections and identify effective solutions to sustainability challenges. Here, models can help us untangle and understand key processes in a virtual laboratory. The modelling community has a long history in describing human‐nature relations through models, but has so far mostly focused on one‐way relations (i.e. A impacts B), without taking two‐way feedback interactions into account (i.e. A impacts B while B impacts A).Synes et al (2019) explore in their recent study the feasibility and utility of coupling models to reflect feedback interactions between land use and ecosystem service supply. The authors simulated farmer decision making and pollinator responses by coupling two agent‐based models. In this News and Views, we provide our perspective on how such coupled modelling efforts provide an important contribution to understanding dynamics within social‐ecological systems and ultimately towards a better management of these.",
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author = "L. Willemen and E.G. Drakou and N. Schwarz",
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month = "7",
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doi = "10.1111/ecog.04747",
language = "English",
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Modelling how people and nature are intertwined. / Willemen, L.; Drakou, E.G.; Schwarz, N.

In: Ecography, 18.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Drakou, E.G.

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N2 - The state of nature is driving human activities, while human activities change the state of nature. These social‐ecological interactions have existed for millennia. Now in the Anthropocene ‐the acclaimed geological era in which human activity is the dominant influence on climate and the environment‐ many social‐ecological systems are under pressure.Social‐ecological systems are often studied and managed separately. However, approaches that integrate these two systems are necessary to address complex interconnections and identify effective solutions to sustainability challenges. Here, models can help us untangle and understand key processes in a virtual laboratory. The modelling community has a long history in describing human‐nature relations through models, but has so far mostly focused on one‐way relations (i.e. A impacts B), without taking two‐way feedback interactions into account (i.e. A impacts B while B impacts A).Synes et al (2019) explore in their recent study the feasibility and utility of coupling models to reflect feedback interactions between land use and ecosystem service supply. The authors simulated farmer decision making and pollinator responses by coupling two agent‐based models. In this News and Views, we provide our perspective on how such coupled modelling efforts provide an important contribution to understanding dynamics within social‐ecological systems and ultimately towards a better management of these.

AB - The state of nature is driving human activities, while human activities change the state of nature. These social‐ecological interactions have existed for millennia. Now in the Anthropocene ‐the acclaimed geological era in which human activity is the dominant influence on climate and the environment‐ many social‐ecological systems are under pressure.Social‐ecological systems are often studied and managed separately. However, approaches that integrate these two systems are necessary to address complex interconnections and identify effective solutions to sustainability challenges. Here, models can help us untangle and understand key processes in a virtual laboratory. The modelling community has a long history in describing human‐nature relations through models, but has so far mostly focused on one‐way relations (i.e. A impacts B), without taking two‐way feedback interactions into account (i.e. A impacts B while B impacts A).Synes et al (2019) explore in their recent study the feasibility and utility of coupling models to reflect feedback interactions between land use and ecosystem service supply. The authors simulated farmer decision making and pollinator responses by coupling two agent‐based models. In this News and Views, we provide our perspective on how such coupled modelling efforts provide an important contribution to understanding dynamics within social‐ecological systems and ultimately towards a better management of these.

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