Modelling large scale airgun-bubble dynamics with highly non-spherical features

Shuai Li*, Devaraj van der Meer, A. Man Zhang, Andrea Prosperetti, Detlef Lohse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

A thorough understanding of the dynamics of meter-sized airgun-bubbles is very crucial to seabed geophysical exploration. In this study, we use the boundary integral method to investigate the highly non-spherical airgun-bubble dynamics and its corresponding pressure wave emission. Moreover, a model is proposed to also consider the process of air release from the airgun port, which is found to be the most crucial factor to estimate the initial peak of the pressure wave. The numerical simulations show good agreement with experiments, in terms of non-spherical bubble shapes and pressure waves. Thereafter, the effects of the port opening time Topen, airgun firing depth, heat transfer, and gravity are numerically investigated. We find that a smaller Topen leads to a more violent air release that consequently causes stronger high-frequency pressure wave emissions; however, the low-frequency pressure waves are little affected. Additionally, the non-spherical bubble dynamics is highly dependent on the Froude number Fr. Starting from Fr=2, as Fr increases, the jet contains lower kinetic energy, resulting in a stronger energy focusing of the bubble collapse itself and thus a larger pressure peak during the bubble collapse phase. For Fr ≥ 7, the spherical bubble theory becomes an appropriate description of the airgun-bubble. The new findings of this study may provide a reference for practical operations and designing environmentally friendly airguns in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103143
JournalInternational journal of multiphase flow
Volume122
Early online date18 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

bubbles
elastic waves
ports (openings)
Froude number
Air
boundary integral method
Kinetic energy
air
Gravitation
Heat transfer
kinetic energy
heat transfer
Computer simulation
gravitation
low frequencies
causes
estimates
Experiments
simulation

Keywords

  • Airgun-bubble
  • Boundary integral method
  • Geophysical exploration
  • Pressure wave
  • Seismic source

Cite this

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title = "Modelling large scale airgun-bubble dynamics with highly non-spherical features",
abstract = "A thorough understanding of the dynamics of meter-sized airgun-bubbles is very crucial to seabed geophysical exploration. In this study, we use the boundary integral method to investigate the highly non-spherical airgun-bubble dynamics and its corresponding pressure wave emission. Moreover, a model is proposed to also consider the process of air release from the airgun port, which is found to be the most crucial factor to estimate the initial peak of the pressure wave. The numerical simulations show good agreement with experiments, in terms of non-spherical bubble shapes and pressure waves. Thereafter, the effects of the port opening time Topen, airgun firing depth, heat transfer, and gravity are numerically investigated. We find that a smaller Topen leads to a more violent air release that consequently causes stronger high-frequency pressure wave emissions; however, the low-frequency pressure waves are little affected. Additionally, the non-spherical bubble dynamics is highly dependent on the Froude number Fr. Starting from Fr=2, as Fr increases, the jet contains lower kinetic energy, resulting in a stronger energy focusing of the bubble collapse itself and thus a larger pressure peak during the bubble collapse phase. For Fr ≥ 7, the spherical bubble theory becomes an appropriate description of the airgun-bubble. The new findings of this study may provide a reference for practical operations and designing environmentally friendly airguns in the near future.",
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author = "Shuai Li and Meer, {Devaraj van der} and Zhang, {A. Man} and Andrea Prosperetti and Detlef Lohse",
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Modelling large scale airgun-bubble dynamics with highly non-spherical features. / Li, Shuai; Meer, Devaraj van der; Zhang, A. Man; Prosperetti, Andrea; Lohse, Detlef.

In: International journal of multiphase flow, Vol. 122, 103143, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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