Modelling the Dissipation Range of von Kármán Turbulence Spectrum

Fernanda Leticia Dos Santos*, Laura Botero-Bolívar, Cornelis H. Venner, Leandro Dantas de Santana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
141 Downloads (Pure)


Noise pollution caused by inflow turbulence is a major problem in many applications, such as propellers and fans. Leading edge noise models, e.g., Amiet’s model, are widely applied to predict the noise produced by these applications. This noise prediction model relies on the accuracy of the turbulence spectrum, which is usually assumed to be the von Kármán energy spectrum for isotropic turbulence. However, the von Kármán spectrum does not model accurately the dissipation range of the turbulent energy, resulting in incorrect far-field noise predictions for the high-frequency range. An exponential correction can be applied to the spectrum to model the dissipation range. This correction depends on the dissipation frequency, which is the frequency where the energy spectrum changes from a dependence of−5/3 to an exponential decay. This study experimentally investigates nearly isotropic inflow turbulence and determines the flow field characteristics that affect the dissipation frequency in order to model this frequency and the dissipation range. Experiments have been conducted with two passive grids and hot-wire anemometry in the Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnel of the University of Twente. The turbulence uniformity in the test section and the turbulence development in the streamwise direction were analyzed, showing that the grid generated turbulence was mostly uniform and nearly isotropic. The dissipation frequency was observed to depend on the turbulence intensity, the free-stream velocity, and the turbulence length scale. An expression to compute this frequency is proposed, as well as a formula to predict the dissipation range. The predicted leading edge noise is affected by the dissipation range modelling in the high-frequency range, presenting a decrease in level up to 17 dB for the highest frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA Aviation Forum 2021
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
ISBN (Print)9781624106101
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventAIAA Aviation Forum 2021 - Virtual Event
Duration: 2 Aug 20216 Aug 2021


ConferenceAIAA Aviation Forum 2021
CityVirtual Event


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