Modelling the effects of heat loss and fuel/air mixing on turbulent combustion in gas turbine combustion systems

S. Gövert

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

Abstract

The present study is concerned with the development and validation of a simulation framework for the accurate prediction of turbulent reacting flows at reduced computational costs. Therefore, a combustion model based on the tabulation of laminar premixed flamelets is employed. By compilation of several flamelets, the model is extended to account for the effects of heat loss and fuel/air mixing. While flamelets at different enthalpy levels are utilized to account for non-adiabatic chemical kinetics, premixed flamelets at varying equivalence ratios are combined to address non-premixed and partially premixed conditions. The tabulation is parametrized in terms of scalar controlling variables that are used to couple the chemistry with the fluid mechanics, namely the mixture fraction, reaction progress variable and a normalized enthalpy scalar. Closures are presented for Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and Large Eddy Simulation (LES) based on presumed shape Probability Density Functions (PDF) to account for turbulence-chemistry interaction. The model is implemented in the High Performance Computing (HPC) multi-physics code Alya, which is based on the Finite Element Method (FEM) for spatial discretization. Transport equations are solved for the scalar variables that control the combustion chemistry along with a low-Mach number formulation of the Navier-Stokes equations. The prediction capabilities of the proposed approach for perfectly premixed conditions are assessed based on the reacting flow field of a confined turbulent jet flame. The effect of different heat transfer mechanisms and thermal conditions for the combustion chamber walls is investigated in detail using a Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT) approach. The influence of radiation, convection and heat conduction over the solid walls is examined by comparing the gas temperature with reference experimental data. Finally, the effect of partial premixing and heat loss on the reacting flow field prediction is addressed based on a swirl stabilized gas turbine model combustor.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van der Meer, Theodorus Hendrikus, Supervisor
  • Kok, Jacobus B.W., Advisor
  • van der Meer, T.H., Supervisor, External person
  • Kok, J.B.W., Advisor, External person
Award date9 Dec 2016
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-4244-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • IR-102074
  • METIS-318880

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling the effects of heat loss and fuel/air mixing on turbulent combustion in gas turbine combustion systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this