Modification of Different Zirconium Propoxide by Diethanolamine: Is There a Shelf Stability Issue for Sol-Gel Application?

Gerald I. Spijksma, Dave H.A. Blank, Henny J.M. Bouwmeester, Vadim G. Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Modification of different zirconium propoxide precursors with H2dea was investigated by characterization of the isolated modified species. Upon modification of zirconium n-propoxide and [Zr(OnPr)(OiPr)3(iPrOH)]2 with ½ a mol equivalent of H2dea the complexes [Zr2(OnPr)6(OCH2CH2)2NH]2 (1) and [Zr2(OnPr)2(OiPr)4(OCH2CH2)2NH]2 (2) were obtained. However, 1H-NMR studies of these tetranuclear compounds showed that these are not time-stable either in solution or solid form. The effect of this time instability on material properties is demonstrated by light scattering and TEM experiments. Modification of zirconium isopropoxide with either ½ or 1 equivalent mol of H2dea results in formation of the trinuclear complex, Zr{η3μ2-NH(C2H4O)2}3[Zr(OiPr)3]2(iPrOH)2 (3) countering a unique nona-coordinated central zirconium atom. This complex 3 is one of the first modified zirconium propoxide precursors shown to be stable in solution for long periods of time. The particle size and morphology of the products of sol-gel synthesis are strongly dependent on the time factor and eventual heat treatment of the precursor solution. Reproducible sol-gel synthesis requires the use of solution stable precursors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4977-4989
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • IR-71876
  • METIS-259654

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