Monitoring phase transition of aqueous biomass model substrates by high-pressure and high-temperature microfluidics

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Abstract

Aqueous‐Phase Reforming (APR) is a promising hydrogen production method, where biomass is catalytically reformed under high pressure and high temperature reaction conditions. To eventually study APR, in this paper, we report a high‐pressure and high‐temperature microfluidic platform that can withstand temperatures up to 200°C and pressures up to 30 bar. As a first step, we studied the phase transition of four typical APR biomass model solutions, consisting of 10 wt% of ethylene glycol, glycerol, xylose or xylitol in MilliQ water. After calibration of the set‐up using pure MilliQ water, a small increase in boiling point was observed for the ethylene glycol, xylitol and xylose solutions compared to pure water. Phase transition occurred through either explosive or nucleate boiling mechanisms, which was monitored in real‐time in our microfluidic device. In case of nucleate boiling, the nucleation site could be controlled by exploiting the pressure drop along the microfluidic channel. Depending on the void fraction, various multiphase flow patterns were observed simultaneously. Altogether, this study will not only help to distinguish between bubbles resulting from a phase transition and/or APR product formation, but is also important from a heat and mass transport perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalElectrophoresis
Volume40
Issue number4
Early online date23 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019

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Microfluidics
Phase Transition
Reforming reactions
Biomass
Xylitol
Ethylene Glycol
Xylose
Phase transitions
Lab-On-A-Chip Devices
Pressure
Nucleate boiling
Temperature
Water
Monitoring
Substrates
Glycerol
Calibration
Void fraction
Hydrogen
Boiling point

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D

Cite this

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title = "Monitoring phase transition of aqueous biomass model substrates by high-pressure and high-temperature microfluidics",
abstract = "Aqueous‐Phase Reforming (APR) is a promising hydrogen production method, where biomass is catalytically reformed under high pressure and high temperature reaction conditions. To eventually study APR, in this paper, we report a high‐pressure and high‐temperature microfluidic platform that can withstand temperatures up to 200°C and pressures up to 30 bar. As a first step, we studied the phase transition of four typical APR biomass model solutions, consisting of 10 wt{\%} of ethylene glycol, glycerol, xylose or xylitol in MilliQ water. After calibration of the set‐up using pure MilliQ water, a small increase in boiling point was observed for the ethylene glycol, xylitol and xylose solutions compared to pure water. Phase transition occurred through either explosive or nucleate boiling mechanisms, which was monitored in real‐time in our microfluidic device. In case of nucleate boiling, the nucleation site could be controlled by exploiting the pressure drop along the microfluidic channel. Depending on the void fraction, various multiphase flow patterns were observed simultaneously. Altogether, this study will not only help to distinguish between bubbles resulting from a phase transition and/or APR product formation, but is also important from a heat and mass transport perspective.",
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T1 - Monitoring phase transition of aqueous biomass model substrates by high-pressure and high-temperature microfluidics

AU - Ripken, Renée M.

AU - Schlautmann, Stefan

AU - Sanders, Remco G.P.

AU - Gardeniers, Johannes G.E.

AU - le Gac, Severine

N1 - Wiley deal

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N2 - Aqueous‐Phase Reforming (APR) is a promising hydrogen production method, where biomass is catalytically reformed under high pressure and high temperature reaction conditions. To eventually study APR, in this paper, we report a high‐pressure and high‐temperature microfluidic platform that can withstand temperatures up to 200°C and pressures up to 30 bar. As a first step, we studied the phase transition of four typical APR biomass model solutions, consisting of 10 wt% of ethylene glycol, glycerol, xylose or xylitol in MilliQ water. After calibration of the set‐up using pure MilliQ water, a small increase in boiling point was observed for the ethylene glycol, xylitol and xylose solutions compared to pure water. Phase transition occurred through either explosive or nucleate boiling mechanisms, which was monitored in real‐time in our microfluidic device. In case of nucleate boiling, the nucleation site could be controlled by exploiting the pressure drop along the microfluidic channel. Depending on the void fraction, various multiphase flow patterns were observed simultaneously. Altogether, this study will not only help to distinguish between bubbles resulting from a phase transition and/or APR product formation, but is also important from a heat and mass transport perspective.

AB - Aqueous‐Phase Reforming (APR) is a promising hydrogen production method, where biomass is catalytically reformed under high pressure and high temperature reaction conditions. To eventually study APR, in this paper, we report a high‐pressure and high‐temperature microfluidic platform that can withstand temperatures up to 200°C and pressures up to 30 bar. As a first step, we studied the phase transition of four typical APR biomass model solutions, consisting of 10 wt% of ethylene glycol, glycerol, xylose or xylitol in MilliQ water. After calibration of the set‐up using pure MilliQ water, a small increase in boiling point was observed for the ethylene glycol, xylitol and xylose solutions compared to pure water. Phase transition occurred through either explosive or nucleate boiling mechanisms, which was monitored in real‐time in our microfluidic device. In case of nucleate boiling, the nucleation site could be controlled by exploiting the pressure drop along the microfluidic channel. Depending on the void fraction, various multiphase flow patterns were observed simultaneously. Altogether, this study will not only help to distinguish between bubbles resulting from a phase transition and/or APR product formation, but is also important from a heat and mass transport perspective.

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