Multi-client functional encryption for controlled data sharing

Tim Robert van de Kamp

    Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

    48 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Multi-client functional encryption (MC-FE) is a powerful concept that makes it possible to compute on confidential data from multiple parties, while only revealing the computational outcome in the clear. This security guarantee makes MC-FE a prime candidate for controlled data sharing as long as it can reach practical efficiency for the functionalities needed in such a setting. General-purpose MC-FE schemes allow for arbitrary computations on encrypted data, but require non-standard security assumptions and are based on inefficient primitives. In contrast, special-purpose MC-FE schemes can be both efficient and proven secure under well-established assumptions. However, the few existing special-purpose schemes cover only a limited number of functionalities.

    We propose special-purpose MC-FE schemes for two essential classes of data sharing functionalities: set operations and predicate testing. In the case of set operations, we construct schemes that can determine the set intersection or the cardinality thereof by employing a combination of pseudorandom functions (PRF), hash functions, secret sharing, and elliptic curve cryptography. For the case of predicate testing, we present a compiler that turns any predicate description into an evaluation scheme operating on inputs from various parties. As a special case, we develop a construction to test the equality of vectors from multiple parties that provides a stronger security guarantee. All our predicate testing schemes are based on a combination of PRF, hash functions, secret sharing, and bilinear maps.

    We implement and evaluate several of the above schemes for sets and vectors. We see that our special-purpose schemes are at least four orders of magnitude faster than general-purpose MC-FE schemes, resulting in evaluation times of seconds on commodity hardware.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Twente
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Jonker, Willem , Supervisor
    • Peter, Andreas , Supervisor
    Award date21 Feb 2020
    Place of PublicationEnschede
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs978-90-365-4958-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2020

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