Multi-stakeholder road pricing game: solution concepts

Anthony Ohazulike, Georg J. Still, Walter Kern, Eric C. van Berkum

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A road pricing game is a game where various stakeholders and/or regions with different (and usually conflicting) objectives compete for toll setting in a given transportation network to satisfy their individual objectives. We investigate some classical game theoretical solution concepts for the road pricing game. We establish results for the road pricing game so that stakeholders and/or regions playing such a game will beforehand know what is obtainable. This will save time and argument, and above all, get rid of the feelings of unfairness among the competing actors and road users. Among the classical solution concepts we investigate is Nash equilibrium. In particular, we show that no pure Nash equilibrium exists among the actors, and further illustrate that even “mixed Nash equilibrium‿ may not be achievable in the road pricing game. The paper also demonstrates the type of coalitions that are not only reachable, but also stable and profitable for the actors involved.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational journal of computational and mathematical sciences
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012
EventInternational Conference on Operations Research, ICOR 2012 - Phuket, Thailand
Duration: 12 Mar 201213 Mar 2012


  • DMMP/CTS-Road Pricing
  • EWI-21713
  • Game stability
  • IR-80000
  • Road pricing game
  • Equilibrium problem with equilibrium constraint (EPEC)
  • Nash equilibrium

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