Multifunctional Molecule Engineered SnO2 for Perovskite Solar Cells with High Efficiency and Reduced Lead Leakage

Jiali Zhang, Renjie Li, Sofia Apergi, Pengyang Wang, Biao Shi, Junke Jiang, Ningyu Ren, Wei Han, Qian Huang, Geert Brocks, Ying Zhao, Shuxia Tao*, Xiaodan Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
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Outstanding performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is closely linked to the optoelectrical properties of charge transporting layers. Herein, amino trimethylene phosphonic acid (ATMP) and KOH are mixed (ATMP-K) and incorporated in a SnO2 precursor solution to significantly improve the performance of the electron transport layer (ETL) SnO2 in PSCs. Combining density functional theory (DFT) calculations and experiments, it is demonstrated that ATMP-K effectively passivates the oxygen vacancy and reduces the hydroxyl groups on the surface of SnO2, resulting in a larger perovskite grain size and better energy-level alignment with perovskites. ATMP-K boosts the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the PSCs from 20.99% to 23.52%. When applying in a perovskite/silicon heterojunction tandem solar cell, the device delivers an efficiency up to 24.75% with a high VOC of 1.94 V, compared with 22.67% and 1.85 V of the reference cells. Furthermore, ATMP-K-modified PSCs also show extraordinary ability to absorb Pb2+ ions after their degradation in water, offering a facile strategy for reducing Pb leakage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2100464
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number10
Early online date14 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • ATMP-K
  • lead leakage
  • perovskite solar cells
  • SnO
  • tandem solar cells


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