Multiyear trans horizon radio propagation measurements at 3.5 GHz: System design and measurement results over land and wetland paths in the Netherlands

Loek Colussi, Roel Schiphorst (Corresponding Author), Herman Teinsma, Ben A. Witvliet, Sjoerd Fleurke, Mark J. Bentum, Erik van Maanen, Johan Griffioen

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    The design, realization and measurement results of a high accuracy multiyear 3.5 GHz trans-horizon radio propagation measurement system are discussed, with both emphasis on the results and implemented technical measures to enhance the accuracy and overall reliability of the measurements. The propagation measurements have been performed on two different paths of 253 and 234 km length, using two transmitters and one receiver in the period September 2013 till November 2016. One of the paths travels over wetland, the other path can be considered as a land path. On each path an additional transmitter is placed at 107 km (in the 253 km path) and 84 km (in the 234 km path) from the receiver. With this arrangement, the correlation between two non-aligned paths of comparable length, and two aligned paths of dissimilar length, were studied. The measurements show that for the land path, the predicted ITU-R P.452-16 CDF (Cumulative Distribution Function) typically shows 5 dB higher path loss than the actual measured CDF for the region of interest; anomalous propagation. This means that the measured signal is on average weaker than predicted (a higher path loss). For the wetland path the actual CDF is very close to the predicted CDF. Also, the measurements reveal that typically 30% of the anomalous propagation occurrences are correlated with other paths.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number8239680
    Pages (from-to)884-896
    Number of pages13
    JournalIEEE transactions on antennas and propagation
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018



    • Aircraft scatter
    • Correlation
    • ducting
    • measurement accuracy
    • radio wave propagation
    • rain scatter
    • super high frequency (SHF)
    • trans-horizon
    • troposphere

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