Muscle activation patterns in post traumatic neck pain

    Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UT

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    As an important consequence of our research, we question the relevance of the criteria of the WAD injury severity classification system. We showed that the musculoskeletal signs in WAD grade II are not characterized by muscle spasm, (i.e. increase of muscle activity), but rather by a decrease in muscle activation. Moreover, by also showing a strong association of this muscle activation pattern with fear of movement, we concluded that musculoskeletal signs in post traumatic neck pain do not reflect the severity of injury but rather the perception of symptoms, influenced by psychosocial factors from the fear avoidance model.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • University of Twente
    • Zilvold, G., Supervisor
    • Turk, Dennis C., Supervisor, External person
    • IJzerman, Maarten J., Co-Supervisor
    Award date28 Mar 2003
    Place of PublicationEnschede
    Print ISBNs90-75452-27-6
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2003


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