Musculoskeletal modeling combined with a finite element model to predict wear at the taper junction in total hip arthroplasty

Thom Bitter, Marco Antonio Marra, Imran Khan, Tim Marriott, Elaine Lovelady, N.J.J. Verdonschot, Dennis W. Janssen

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Fretting corrosion at the taper interface of modular connections can be studied using Finite Element (FE) analyses. However, the loading conditions in FE studies are often simplified, or based on generic activity patterns. Using musculoskeletal modeling, subject-specific muscle and joint forces can be calculated, which can then be applied to a FE model for wear predictions. The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of incorporating more detailed activity patterns on fretting simulations of modular connections.
    Methods

    Using a six-camera motion capture system, synchronized force plates, and 45 optical markers placed on 6 different subjects, data was recorded for three different activities: walking at a comfortable speed, chair rise, and stair climbing.

    Musculoskeletal models, using the Twente Lower Extremity Model 2.0 implemented in the AnyBody modeling System™ (AnyBody Technology A/S, Aalborg, Denmark; figure1), were used to determine the hip joint forces. Hip forces for the subject with the lowest and highest peak force, as well as averaged hip forces were then applied to an FE model of a modular taper connection (Biomet Type-1 taper with a Ti6Al4V Magnum +9 mm adaptor; Figure 2). During the FE simulations, the taper geometry was updated iteratively to account for material removal due to wear. The wear depth was calculated based on Archard's Law, using contact pressures, micromotions, and a wear factor, which was determined from accelerated fretting experiments.
    Results

    The forces for the comfortable walking speed had the highest peak forces for the maximum peak subject, with a maximum peak force of 3644 N, followed by walking up stairs, with a similar maximum peak force of 3626 N. The chair rise had a lower maximum peak force of 2240 N (−38.5%). The simulated volumetric wear followed the trends seen in the peaks of the predicted hip joint forces, with the largest wear volumes predicted for a comfortable walking speed, followed by the stairs up activity and the chair rise (Figure 3). The subjects with the highest peak forces produced the most volumetric wear in all cases. However, the lowest peak subject had a higher volumetric wear for the stairs up case than the average subject.
    Discussion

    This study explored the effect of subject-specific variations in hip joint loads on taper fretting. The results indicate that taper wear was predominantly affected by the magnitudes of the peak forces, rather than by the orientation of the force. A more comprehensive study, capturing the full spectrum of patient variability, can help identifying parameters that accelerate fretting corrosion. Such a study should also incorporate other sources of variability, including surgical factors such as implant orientation, sizing, and offset. These factors also affect hip joint forces, and can be evaluated in musculoskeletal models such as presented here.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2018
    EventISTA 31st Annual Congress 2018 - London, United Kingdom
    Duration: 10 Oct 201813 Oct 2018
    Conference number: 31
    https://www.istaonline.org/

    Conference

    ConferenceISTA 31st Annual Congress 2018
    Abbreviated titleISTA 2018
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityLondon
    Period10/10/1813/10/18
    Internet address

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  • Cite this

    Bitter, T., Marra, M. A., Khan, I., Marriott, T., Lovelady, E., Verdonschot, N. J. J., & Janssen, D. W. (2018). Musculoskeletal modeling combined with a finite element model to predict wear at the taper junction in total hip arthroplasty. ISTA 31st Annual Congress 2018, London, United Kingdom.