Nanofluidic bubble pump using surface tension directed gas injection

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    A new concept for liquid manipulation has been developed and implemented in surface-micromachined fluid channels. It is based on the surface tension directed injection of a gas into the liquid flow through micrometer-sized holes in the microchannel wall. The injected gas is directed to an exhaust by a cross-sectional asymmetry of the microchannel and thereby moves minute liquid volumes. Successful pumping experiments were performed with single stroke volumes of tens of picoliters at frequencies around 1 Hz. The minimum actuation pressure is 0.6 bar for a 2-μm channel height, in accordance with theoretical predictions.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)2224-2227
    Number of pages4
    JournalAnalytical chemistry
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2002


    • METIS-206301
    • IR-43291
    • EWI-12706

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