Nanometer-thin pure boron CVD layers as material barrier to Au or Cu metallization of Si

D. Thammaiah Shivakumar, Tihomir Knežević, Lis K. Nanver*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)


Metallization layers of aluminum, gold, or copper are shown to be protected from interactions with silicon substrates by thin boron layers grown by chemical-vapor deposition (CVD) at 450 °C. A 3-nm-thick B-layer was studied in detail. It formed the p+-anode region of PureB diodes that have a metallurgic junction depth of zero on n-type Si. The metals were deposited by electron-beam-assisted physical vapor deposition (EBPVD) at room temperature and annealed at temperatures up to 500 °C. In all cases, the B-layer was an effective material barrier between the metal and Si, as verified by practically unchanged PureB diode I–V characteristics and microscopy inspections of the deposited layers. For this result, it was required that the Si surface be clean before B-deposition. Any Si surface contamination was otherwise seen to impede a complete B-coverage giving, sometimes Schottky-like, current increases. For Au, room-temperature interactions with the Si through such pinholes in the B-layer were excessive after the 500 °C anneal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7123-7135
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Issue number6
Early online date18 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


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