Nanoscale Heterogeneities in Monolayer MoSe2 Revealed by Correlated Scanning Probe Microscopy and Tip-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Kirby K. H. Smithe, Andrey V. Krayev, Connor S. Bailey, Hye Ryoung Lee, Eilam Yalon, Özgür Burak Aslan, Miguel Muñoz Rojo, Sergiy Krylyuk, Payam Taheri, Albert V. Davydov, Tony F. Heinz, Eric Pop (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding growth, grain boundaries (GBs), and defects of emerging two-dimensional (2D) materials is key to enabling their future applications. For quick, nondestructive metrology, many studies rely on confocal Raman spectroscopy, the spatial resolution of which is constrained by the diffraction limit (∼0.5 μm). Here we use tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) for the first time on synthetic MoSe2 monolayers, combining it with other scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques, all with sub-20 nm spatial resolution. We uncover strong nanoscale heterogeneities in the Raman spectra of MoSe2 transferred to gold substrates [one near 240 cm–1 (A1′), and others near 287 cm–1 (E′), 340 cm–1, and 995 cm–1], which are not observable with common confocal techniques and appear to imply the presence of nanoscale domains of MoO3. We also observe strong tip-enhanced photoluminescence (TEPL), with a signal nearly an order of magnitude greater than the far-field PL. Combining TERS with other SPM techniques, we find that GBs can cut into larger domains of MoSe2, and that carrier densities are higher at GBs than away from them.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-579
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

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    Smithe, K. K. H., Krayev, A. V., Bailey, C. S., Ryoung Lee, H., Yalon, E., Burak Aslan, Ö., ... Pop, E. (2017). Nanoscale Heterogeneities in Monolayer MoSe2 Revealed by Correlated Scanning Probe Microscopy and Tip-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy. ACS Applied Nano Materials, 1(2), 527-579. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.7b00083