Naturalistic decision-making perspective on uncertainty reduction by civil engineers about the location of underground utilities

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Abstract

Modern engineers must perform their work carefully to avoid damaging buried underground utilities. Before starting ground works the exact location of pipes and cables must be confirmed. Current detection equipment still cannot provide complete certainty and requires extensive training in order to obtain the correct data. Digging test trenches remains an important practical tool to interpret subsurface conditions, but deciding on the number and location of test trenches is problematic. Decisions seem to be taken randomly and are based mostly on intuitive judgments. We conducted interviews and workshops in order to uncover the strategies used to select test trench location. Our results show that choices are influenced significantly by decision-makers’ experience. We describe our findings using Rasmussen’s Skills-Rules-Knowledge model. We propose that any
future decision support system should combine elements from both analytical and naturalistic models.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNaturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making
EditorsJulie Gore, Paul Ward
Place of PublicationBath, UK
PublisherUniversity of Bath
Pages174-181
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-0-86197-194-7
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty, NDM 2017 - University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
Duration: 20 Jun 201723 Jun 2017
Conference number: 13

Conference

Conference13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty, NDM 2017
Abbreviated titleNDM 2017
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBath
Period20/06/1723/06/17

Fingerprint

Decision making
Engineers
Decision support systems
Cables
Pipe
Uncertainty

Keywords

  • Decision-making
  • Civil engineering
  • Test trenches
  • Naturalistic Decision Making

Cite this

Racz, P., van Buiten, M., & Doree, A. (2017). Naturalistic decision-making perspective on uncertainty reduction by civil engineers about the location of underground utilities. In J. Gore, & P. Ward (Eds.), Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (pp. 174-181). Bath, UK: University of Bath.
Racz, Paulina ; van Buiten, Marinus ; Doree, Andre. / Naturalistic decision-making perspective on uncertainty reduction by civil engineers about the location of underground utilities. Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making. editor / Julie Gore ; Paul Ward. Bath, UK : University of Bath, 2017. pp. 174-181
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title = "Naturalistic decision-making perspective on uncertainty reduction by civil engineers about the location of underground utilities",
abstract = "Modern engineers must perform their work carefully to avoid damaging buried underground utilities. Before starting ground works the exact location of pipes and cables must be confirmed. Current detection equipment still cannot provide complete certainty and requires extensive training in order to obtain the correct data. Digging test trenches remains an important practical tool to interpret subsurface conditions, but deciding on the number and location of test trenches is problematic. Decisions seem to be taken randomly and are based mostly on intuitive judgments. We conducted interviews and workshops in order to uncover the strategies used to select test trench location. Our results show that choices are influenced significantly by decision-makers’ experience. We describe our findings using Rasmussen’s Skills-Rules-Knowledge model. We propose that any future decision support system should combine elements from both analytical and naturalistic models.",
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Racz, P, van Buiten, M & Doree, A 2017, Naturalistic decision-making perspective on uncertainty reduction by civil engineers about the location of underground utilities. in J Gore & P Ward (eds), Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making. University of Bath, Bath, UK, pp. 174-181, 13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty, NDM 2017, Bath, United Kingdom, 20/06/17.

Naturalistic decision-making perspective on uncertainty reduction by civil engineers about the location of underground utilities. / Racz, Paulina ; van Buiten, Marinus ; Doree, Andre.

Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making. ed. / Julie Gore; Paul Ward. Bath, UK : University of Bath, 2017. p. 174-181.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Modern engineers must perform their work carefully to avoid damaging buried underground utilities. Before starting ground works the exact location of pipes and cables must be confirmed. Current detection equipment still cannot provide complete certainty and requires extensive training in order to obtain the correct data. Digging test trenches remains an important practical tool to interpret subsurface conditions, but deciding on the number and location of test trenches is problematic. Decisions seem to be taken randomly and are based mostly on intuitive judgments. We conducted interviews and workshops in order to uncover the strategies used to select test trench location. Our results show that choices are influenced significantly by decision-makers’ experience. We describe our findings using Rasmussen’s Skills-Rules-Knowledge model. We propose that any future decision support system should combine elements from both analytical and naturalistic models.

AB - Modern engineers must perform their work carefully to avoid damaging buried underground utilities. Before starting ground works the exact location of pipes and cables must be confirmed. Current detection equipment still cannot provide complete certainty and requires extensive training in order to obtain the correct data. Digging test trenches remains an important practical tool to interpret subsurface conditions, but deciding on the number and location of test trenches is problematic. Decisions seem to be taken randomly and are based mostly on intuitive judgments. We conducted interviews and workshops in order to uncover the strategies used to select test trench location. Our results show that choices are influenced significantly by decision-makers’ experience. We describe our findings using Rasmussen’s Skills-Rules-Knowledge model. We propose that any future decision support system should combine elements from both analytical and naturalistic models.

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Racz P, van Buiten M, Doree A. Naturalistic decision-making perspective on uncertainty reduction by civil engineers about the location of underground utilities. In Gore J, Ward P, editors, Naturalistic Decision Making and Uncertainty: Proceedings of the 13th Bi-Annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making. Bath, UK: University of Bath. 2017. p. 174-181