Nature based solution as a policy and planning measure to mitigate climate change impacts: powerpoint

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Climate change is a major global challenge with impacts at multiple scales and interconnections with numerous environmental processes and factors, such as flooding, heatwaves and the security of food/water. International organizations such as the World Bank or the United Nations agree on the increasing adverse
impacts of climate change on urban areas and conduct programs on mitigating effects of climate change and associated disaster risks and providing sustainable innovation actions. Conventional ‘top-down’ engineering solutions or spatial planning alone cannot ensure cities’ capacity to mitigate the impacts of climate change. Physical measures such as flood barriers or embankments, may be highly effective and efficient within their lifespan. However, they are inflexible, difficult to integrate into dense urban fabrics due to conflicting interests in property ownership, they require high maintenance and they make limited contributions to other societal challenges. Hence, alternative approaches are needed that integrate the physical, social, economic, and environmental dimensions to govern the impacts of climate change and associated societal challenges. Through a systematic literature study and policy analysis, this paper evaluates and integrates findings from selected European cases to find answers to the following questions: 1) “How can NBS, as a policy and planning measure, help to mitigate climate change impacts in urban areas?” 2) “Whether can NBS contribute to more equity and justice in cities?”, and 3) “Can NBS help to integrate the different dimensions, such as social, economic, environmental as well as the physical?” The results can inform future urban development strategies and policies with the ultimate goal of being climate resilient.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2019
EventProduction of Climate Responsive Urban Built Environments 2019 - Istanbul Policy Centre , Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 22 May 201924 May 2019


ConferenceProduction of Climate Responsive Urban Built Environments 2019
Internet address


  • Climate change
  • Nature-based solutions
  • Disaster risk reduction
  • Equity
  • Justice


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