Near-Infrared Spectral Similarity between Ex Vivo Porcine and In Vivo Human Tissue

Eva de Vries, Lejla Alic, Rutger M. Schols, Kaj S. Emanuel, Fokko P. Wieringa, Nicole D. Bouvy, Gabriëlle J. M. Tuijthof

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Abstract

Background: In vivo diffuse reflectance spectroscopy provides additional contrast in discriminating nerves embedded in adipose tissue during surgery. However, large datasets are required to achieve clinically acceptable classification levels. This study assesses the spectral similarity between ex vivo porcine and in vivo human spectral data of nerve and adipose tissue, as porcine tissue could contribute to generate large datasets. Methods: Porcine diffuse reflectance spectra were measured at 124 nerve and 151 adipose locations. A previously recorded dataset of 32 in vivo human nerve and 23 adipose tissue locations was used for comparison. In total, 36 features were extracted from the raw porcine to generate binary logistic regression models for all combinations of two, three, four and five features. Feature selection was performed by assessing similar means between normalized features of nerve and of adipose tissue (Kruskal–Wallis test, p < 0.05) and for models performing best on the porcine cross validation set. The human test set was used to assess classification performance. Results: The binary logistic regression models with selected features showed an accuracy of 60% on the test set. Conclusions: Spectral similarity between ex vivo porcine and in vivo human adipose and nerve tissue was present, but further research is required.
Original languageEnglish
Article number357
JournalLife
Volume13
Issue number2
Early online date28 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

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