Need Support and Well-being During Care: An Observational Study on Resident-Staff Interaction

A. Custers, Y. Kuin, M. Riksen-Walraven, G. Westerhof

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractOther research output


    In this study the quality of care interactions was investigated using Self-Determination Theory. We explored to what extent professional caregivers support residents’needs of relatedness, autonomy and competence and how
    this is related to residents’ well-being. Four nursing homes in the Netherlands participated. Three video-observations (with different caregivers) of each resident (n=20) were made during morning care and questionnaires were completed. The results show that residents’ needs were, on average, moderately fulfilled during care interactions. Higher resident well-being as observed during care was related to a higher level of needs being supported by professional caregivers. Resident and caregiver characteristics were explored, with the education and job function of caregivers being related to need support. Professional caregivers demonstrated many good quality interactions, but there was also a recognised need for improvement. Suggestions are presented for improving resident-centred care by taking the three psychological needs of relatedness, autonomy and competence into account.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)365-365
    Number of pages1
    JournalThe Gerontologist
    Issue numberSuppl. 2
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2011
    Event64th Annual Scientific Meeting of The Gerontological Society of America 2011: Lifestyle→Lifespan - Boston, United States
    Duration: 18 Nov 201122 Nov 2011
    Conference number: 64

    Cite this