Negative differential resistance (NDR) has been observed for individual 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO) molecules on Si(1 1 1) in ultra high vacuum (UHV) scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) measurements at room temperature. NDR effects were observed exclusively at negative bias voltage using an n-type Si(1 1 1) sample. At 77 K no NDR effects were observed, but the I(V) curves were similar in shape to those recorded on bare Si(1 1 1) sites. TEMPO was observed to adsorb preferentially at corner adatom sites of the Si(1 1 1)-7 × 7 structure. Although the Si(1 1 1)-7 × 7 reconstruction was conserved, local defects were frequently observed in the vicinity of the TEMPO adsorbates.