Neodymium-complex-doped, photo-defined polymer channel waveguide amplifiers

J. Yang, Mart Diemeer, D. Geskus, G. Sengo, Markus Pollnau, A. Driessen

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    Abstract

    Polymer-based, 6-FDA/epoxy channel waveguides doped with a Nd complex, $Nd(TTA)_3phen$, are fabricated by a simple and reproducible procedure mainly based on spin coating and photo-definition. Photoluminescence at 1060 nm from the $Nd^{3+}$ ions with a lifetime of 130 μs is observed. Optical gain at 1060 nm is demonstrated in channel waveguides with different $Nd^{3+}$ concentrations. By accounting for the waveguide loss, an internal net gain of 8 dB is demonstrated for a 5.6-cm-long channel waveguide amplifier. Due to the nature of the $Nd^{3+}$ complex, energy-transfer upconversion affects the gain only at $Nd^{3+}$ concentrations above 1×$10^{20}cm^{-3}$.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 13th Annual Symposium of the IEEE LEOS Benelux Chapter
    EditorsKerstin Worhoff, L. Agazzi, N. Ismail, X Leijtens
    Place of PublicationEnschede, The Netherlands
    PublisherIEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter
    Pages123-126
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Print)978-90-365-2768-2
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2008
    Event13th Annual Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter 2008 - Enschede, Netherlands
    Duration: 27 Nov 200828 Nov 2008
    Conference number: 13

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherIEEE LEOS Benelux Chapter
    Number2008/14935

    Conference

    Conference13th Annual Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter 2008
    CountryNetherlands
    CityEnschede
    Period27/11/0828/11/08

    Keywords

    • IOMS-PIT: PHOTONICS INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY
    • METIS-255024
    • IR-62626
    • EWI-14641

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