Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

Abstract

Objectives: Pathological oscillations in the beta frequencies (8-30Hz) have been found in the local field potentials of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and non-human primate models of PD1. In particular, these synchronizations appear in the subthalamic nucleus (STN), a common target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for medically intractable PD2. DBS and dopamine replacement therapy have been shown to reduce these oscillations and ameliorate the motor symptoms of PD. To better understand the origin and mechanisms of these synchronizations, we performed in vitro multielectrode recordings from the rat basal ganglia that support the detection of synchronous activity from numerous neurons. Methods: 300-400 μm basal ganglia slices were obtained from Wistar rats (postnatal days 15-60) using a vibratome and warmed up to room temperature in a holding chamber. The slices were transferred onto a 3D multielectrode array (Ayanda Systems) for recording and continuously perfused with carbogenated artificial cerebral spinal fluid at 36 °C. Neural signals were measured and filtered with a 60 channel amplifier (Multichannel Systems GmbH) and visualized in LabView. Action potentials were detected from the extracellular signal using a 5 standard deviation voltage threshold and sorted into different neuronal units using principal component analysis. Further signal analysis was performed in Matlab to analyze the neuronal firing patterns and measure the extent of synchronous firing. Results: Our preliminary results identified three distinct firing patterns in the STN and substantia nigra. Most neurons exhibited regular spike trains (60%) while others were random (30%) or bursty (10%). The addition of dopamine however reduced the percentage of cells with bursty and random firing patterns. Additionally, we found a very low incidence of synchronizations. Taken together, these results form the basis with which to compare firing patterns in an animal model of PD. Conclusions: Multi-electrode array recordings from the basal ganglia can reveal changes in their neurophysiological properties and measure the amount of synchronization between different neurons. We intend to use this technique to investigate pathological firing patterns in the basal ganglia in a rotenone rat model of PD. Using a combination of chemical and electrical stimulation, we will explore contributions from different nuclei of the basal ganglia to the network behavior. This would allow us to build more realistic models of the basal ganglia and lead to better therapies for PD.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationInternational Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013
Place of PublicationIsrael
PublisherIBAGS
Pages145
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)not assigned
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

Name
PublisherIBAGS

Keywords

  • EWI-24270
  • IR-89154
  • METIS-302622

Cite this

Zhao, Y., Stegenga, J., Heida, T., & van Wezel, R. J. A. (2013). Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia. In International Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013 (pp. 145). Israel: IBAGS.
Zhao, Yan ; Stegenga, J. ; Heida, Tjitske ; van Wezel, Richard Jack Anton. / Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia. International Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013. Israel : IBAGS, 2013. pp. 145
@inproceedings{7af15ab2b76e4acf9f8f974ad11be394,
title = "Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia",
abstract = "Objectives: Pathological oscillations in the beta frequencies (8-30Hz) have been found in the local field potentials of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and non-human primate models of PD1. In particular, these synchronizations appear in the subthalamic nucleus (STN), a common target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for medically intractable PD2. DBS and dopamine replacement therapy have been shown to reduce these oscillations and ameliorate the motor symptoms of PD. To better understand the origin and mechanisms of these synchronizations, we performed in vitro multielectrode recordings from the rat basal ganglia that support the detection of synchronous activity from numerous neurons. Methods: 300-400 μm basal ganglia slices were obtained from Wistar rats (postnatal days 15-60) using a vibratome and warmed up to room temperature in a holding chamber. The slices were transferred onto a 3D multielectrode array (Ayanda Systems) for recording and continuously perfused with carbogenated artificial cerebral spinal fluid at 36 °C. Neural signals were measured and filtered with a 60 channel amplifier (Multichannel Systems GmbH) and visualized in LabView. Action potentials were detected from the extracellular signal using a 5 standard deviation voltage threshold and sorted into different neuronal units using principal component analysis. Further signal analysis was performed in Matlab to analyze the neuronal firing patterns and measure the extent of synchronous firing. Results: Our preliminary results identified three distinct firing patterns in the STN and substantia nigra. Most neurons exhibited regular spike trains (60{\%}) while others were random (30{\%}) or bursty (10{\%}). The addition of dopamine however reduced the percentage of cells with bursty and random firing patterns. Additionally, we found a very low incidence of synchronizations. Taken together, these results form the basis with which to compare firing patterns in an animal model of PD. Conclusions: Multi-electrode array recordings from the basal ganglia can reveal changes in their neurophysiological properties and measure the amount of synchronization between different neurons. We intend to use this technique to investigate pathological firing patterns in the basal ganglia in a rotenone rat model of PD. Using a combination of chemical and electrical stimulation, we will explore contributions from different nuclei of the basal ganglia to the network behavior. This would allow us to build more realistic models of the basal ganglia and lead to better therapies for PD.",
keywords = "EWI-24270, IR-89154, METIS-302622",
author = "Yan Zhao and J. Stegenga and Tjitske Heida and {van Wezel}, {Richard Jack Anton}",
year = "2013",
language = "Undefined",
isbn = "not assigned",
publisher = "IBAGS",
pages = "145",
booktitle = "International Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013",

}

Zhao, Y, Stegenga, J, Heida, T & van Wezel, RJA 2013, Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia. in International Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013. IBAGS, Israel, pp. 145.

Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia. / Zhao, Yan; Stegenga, J.; Heida, Tjitske; van Wezel, Richard Jack Anton.

International Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013. Israel : IBAGS, 2013. p. 145.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

TY - GEN

T1 - Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia

AU - Zhao, Yan

AU - Stegenga, J.

AU - Heida, Tjitske

AU - van Wezel, Richard Jack Anton

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Objectives: Pathological oscillations in the beta frequencies (8-30Hz) have been found in the local field potentials of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and non-human primate models of PD1. In particular, these synchronizations appear in the subthalamic nucleus (STN), a common target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for medically intractable PD2. DBS and dopamine replacement therapy have been shown to reduce these oscillations and ameliorate the motor symptoms of PD. To better understand the origin and mechanisms of these synchronizations, we performed in vitro multielectrode recordings from the rat basal ganglia that support the detection of synchronous activity from numerous neurons. Methods: 300-400 μm basal ganglia slices were obtained from Wistar rats (postnatal days 15-60) using a vibratome and warmed up to room temperature in a holding chamber. The slices were transferred onto a 3D multielectrode array (Ayanda Systems) for recording and continuously perfused with carbogenated artificial cerebral spinal fluid at 36 °C. Neural signals were measured and filtered with a 60 channel amplifier (Multichannel Systems GmbH) and visualized in LabView. Action potentials were detected from the extracellular signal using a 5 standard deviation voltage threshold and sorted into different neuronal units using principal component analysis. Further signal analysis was performed in Matlab to analyze the neuronal firing patterns and measure the extent of synchronous firing. Results: Our preliminary results identified three distinct firing patterns in the STN and substantia nigra. Most neurons exhibited regular spike trains (60%) while others were random (30%) or bursty (10%). The addition of dopamine however reduced the percentage of cells with bursty and random firing patterns. Additionally, we found a very low incidence of synchronizations. Taken together, these results form the basis with which to compare firing patterns in an animal model of PD. Conclusions: Multi-electrode array recordings from the basal ganglia can reveal changes in their neurophysiological properties and measure the amount of synchronization between different neurons. We intend to use this technique to investigate pathological firing patterns in the basal ganglia in a rotenone rat model of PD. Using a combination of chemical and electrical stimulation, we will explore contributions from different nuclei of the basal ganglia to the network behavior. This would allow us to build more realistic models of the basal ganglia and lead to better therapies for PD.

AB - Objectives: Pathological oscillations in the beta frequencies (8-30Hz) have been found in the local field potentials of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and non-human primate models of PD1. In particular, these synchronizations appear in the subthalamic nucleus (STN), a common target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for medically intractable PD2. DBS and dopamine replacement therapy have been shown to reduce these oscillations and ameliorate the motor symptoms of PD. To better understand the origin and mechanisms of these synchronizations, we performed in vitro multielectrode recordings from the rat basal ganglia that support the detection of synchronous activity from numerous neurons. Methods: 300-400 μm basal ganglia slices were obtained from Wistar rats (postnatal days 15-60) using a vibratome and warmed up to room temperature in a holding chamber. The slices were transferred onto a 3D multielectrode array (Ayanda Systems) for recording and continuously perfused with carbogenated artificial cerebral spinal fluid at 36 °C. Neural signals were measured and filtered with a 60 channel amplifier (Multichannel Systems GmbH) and visualized in LabView. Action potentials were detected from the extracellular signal using a 5 standard deviation voltage threshold and sorted into different neuronal units using principal component analysis. Further signal analysis was performed in Matlab to analyze the neuronal firing patterns and measure the extent of synchronous firing. Results: Our preliminary results identified three distinct firing patterns in the STN and substantia nigra. Most neurons exhibited regular spike trains (60%) while others were random (30%) or bursty (10%). The addition of dopamine however reduced the percentage of cells with bursty and random firing patterns. Additionally, we found a very low incidence of synchronizations. Taken together, these results form the basis with which to compare firing patterns in an animal model of PD. Conclusions: Multi-electrode array recordings from the basal ganglia can reveal changes in their neurophysiological properties and measure the amount of synchronization between different neurons. We intend to use this technique to investigate pathological firing patterns in the basal ganglia in a rotenone rat model of PD. Using a combination of chemical and electrical stimulation, we will explore contributions from different nuclei of the basal ganglia to the network behavior. This would allow us to build more realistic models of the basal ganglia and lead to better therapies for PD.

KW - EWI-24270

KW - IR-89154

KW - METIS-302622

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - not assigned

SP - 145

BT - International Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013

PB - IBAGS

CY - Israel

ER -

Zhao Y, Stegenga J, Heida T, van Wezel RJA. Neural activity in the rat basal ganglia. In International Basal Ganglia Society Meeting 2013. Israel: IBAGS. 2013. p. 145