Neural networks on chemically patterned electrode arrays: towards a cultured probe

Wim Rutten, T.G. Ruardij, Enrico Marani, B.H. Roelofsen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    One type of future, improved neural interfaces is the ‘cultured probe’. It is a hybrid type of neural information transducer or prosthesis, for stimulation and/or recording of neural activity. It would consist of a micro-electrode array (MEA) on a planar substrate, each electrode being covered and surrounded by a local circularly confined network (‘island’) of cultured neurons. The main purpose of the local networks is that they act as bio-friendly intermediates for collateral sprouts from the in vivo system, thus allowing for an effective and selective neuron electrode interface. As a secondary purpose, one may envisage future information processing applications of these intermediary networks. In this chapter, first, progress is shown on how substrates can be chemically modified to confine developing networks, cultured from dissociated rat cortex cells, to ‘islands’ surrounding an electrode site. Additional coating of neurophobic, polyimide coated substrate by tri-block-copolymer coating enhances neurophilic-neurophobic adhesion contrast. Secondly, results are given on neuronal activity in patterned, unconnected and connected, circular ‘island’ networks. For connected islands, the larger the island diameter (50, 100 or 150 mm), the more spontaneous activity is seen. Also, activity may show a very high degree of synchronization between two islands. For unconnected islands, activity may start at 22 days in vitro (DIV), which is two weeks later than in unpatterned networks
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationOperative Neuromodulation
    EditorsD.E. Sakas, B.A Simpson
    Place of PublicationVienna/London
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages547-554
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)978-3-211-33080-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Publication series

    NameActa Neurochir Supplementum
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    Number2
    Volume97
    ISSN (Print)0065-1419

    Keywords

    • BSS-Neurotechnology and cellular engineering
    • IR-64016
    • METIS-245710
    • EWI-9772

    Cite this

    Rutten, W., Ruardij, T. G., Marani, E., & Roelofsen, B. H. (2007). Neural networks on chemically patterned electrode arrays: towards a cultured probe. In D. E. Sakas, & B. A. Simpson (Eds.), Operative Neuromodulation (pp. 547-554). (Acta Neurochir Supplementum; Vol. 97, No. 2). Vienna/London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-211-33081-4_63