Neue bildgebende verfahren zur darstellung der koronararterien

Translated title of the contribution: New techniques in imaging coronary arteries

R. Erbel* (Corresponding Author), J. Ge, Günter Görge, S. Möhlenkamp, D. Baumgart, C. Von Birgelen, M. Haude

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Techniques in the field of coronary artery imaging can be divided into two groups: invasive and noninvasive methods. Apart from the conventional coronary artery angiography, invasive methods include intracoronary ultrasound, intracoronary angioscopy, and optical coherence tomography. Non- invasive methods include magnetic resonance tomography, synchrotroncoronary angiography, and electron beam computed tomography. In the late 1980s, intracoronary ultrasound has come into clinical practice. It offers a real- time, cross-sectional image of the coronary artery in high resolution. Coronary arteries enlarge in the presence of atherosclerotic plaque formation in order to compensate for luminal narrowing caused by plaque formation (remodeling). With coronary angiography, the plaque formation cannot be detected until a lumen reduction of about 40-45 %. With intravascular ultrasound, the early stages of atherosclerosis can clearly be demonstrated. In combination with the intracoronary Doppler technique, syndrome X can be differentiated. Another important role of intracoronary ultrasound in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease is to guide coronary interventions and to assess the result of coronary interventions especially to evaluate the result of stent implantation. Due to the clinical use of intracoronary ultrasound and the guidance of high pressure stent implantation, the incidence of acute stent thrombosis has decreased to about 1%. Coronary angioscopy portrays the surface of the vessel lumen. It is helpful to identify the mural thrombus especially to differentiate fresh and chronic thrombus formation. Magnetic resonance tomography is able to image the coronary arterial contour of the proximal segment. With today's gating technique, it is possible to portray the whole coronary tree and avoid disturbances resulting from the heart beat and respiration. Electron beam computed tomography is a very promising technique in screening for coronary artery disease. It is a very sensitive method to identify coronary calcification and, thus, to detect atherosclerotic plaque. Studies have shown that the presence of calcification almost invariably indicates the presence of coronary artery disease and that the absence of calcification can nearly rule out significant coronary artery disease. Moreover, a close correlation exists between the amount of calcification and the severity of coronary artery disease. Additionally, in combination with contrast injection, coronary artery perfusion can be evaluated. This is important to assess the conductance of coronary stent and bypass graft.

Translated title of the contributionNew techniques in imaging coronary arteries
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)61-73
Number of pages13
JournalZeitschrift fur Kardiologie
Volume87
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Electron beam CT
  • Intracoronary ultrasound

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'New techniques in imaging coronary arteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this